1. Upon election FDR selected a _________ of advisors from colleges and universities.
    Brain Trust
  2. The Brain Trust Included:
    _____ Postmaster General/ political advisor
    James Farley
  3. The Brain Trust Included:
    ______ Secretary of Labor and the first_____ on the Cabinet
    Francis Perkins

  4. The Brain Trust Included:
    ______ Secretary of Agriculture
    Henry Wallace
  5. The Brain Trust Included:
    ________ Secretary of Treasury
    Henry Morgenthau
  6. The Brain Trust Included:________ Secretary of State
    Cordell Hull
  7. The Brain Trust Included:________ advisor on women's issues
    Molly Dewson
  8. The ______ was passed which changed the date of the presidential inauguration from March 4 to ______.
    20th Amendment

    Jan. 20th
  9. The _____ repealed Prohibition
    21st Amendment
  10. FDR's first action as president was to declare a ____ _____.
    Bank Holiday
  11. FDR's first 3 months in office were called the ____ ____ when several new pieces of major legislation were passed.
    100 Days
  12. FDR kept the American public informed via radio by a series of informal talks known as the _____ _____
    Fireside Chats
  13. (FDR) The alphabet agencies which he created included:
    ______ Protecting deposits in American banking institutions
  14. (FDR) The alphabet agencies which he created included:
    ______ Gave Young Men jobs so that our lands could be developed and protected
  15. (FDR) The alphabet agencies which he created included:
    ______Which regulated the stock market.
  16. (FDR) The alphabet agencies which he created included:
    ______ which paid farmers to reduce their acreage planted and livestock raised. It was declared unconstitutional in the case of _________ because processors were taxed to pay for the subsidies.
    AAA Butter Vs. United States
  17. (FDR)
    ______ which regulated American Businesses through a series of regulations. The director was _____. The slogan was ______ and the symbol was the _____. It was declared ______ due to its regulation of intrastate commerce.

    Hugh Jonson

    We Do Our Part

    Blue Eagle

  18. (FDR)
    _____ controlled flooding along the ____ River and provided cheap electricity along with recreational facilities. Its director was ______. It was controversial due to the competition with private power companies.


    David Lilenthal
  19. (FDR)
    _____ gave jobs to people in construction and the fine arts.
  20. (FDR)
    ___ gave part time jobs to young people in high school and college to keep them in school. _____ headed the Negro Division, the first African-American to head a government agency.

    Mary Vethune
  21. (FDR)
    _____ guaranteed labor's right to organize, ____,and a ban on _____. It also had a nickname after the sponsor of the bill, _____. It was also called the ____ ____ ____
    National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

    Collecting Bargaining

    Child Labor

    Robert Wagner

    Labors Magna Carta
  22. (FDR)
    ____ gave pensions to the ____, ____ insurance to the jobless, aid to the ____ and _____ children. _____,____,and the ____ supplied the Funds.
    Social Security Act



    handicap and Dependent

    Employers, Employees, and Federal Government
  23. (FDR)
    _____ which established a ___ wage and a _____ hours.
    Fair Labor Standards Act


  24. (FDR)
    ____ provided electricity to rural areas.
  25. In the election of 1936 the Democratic candidate was ____.
    The Republican candidate was _____.

    Alfred Landon
  26. Conservative critics of FDR included the ________. Its most well known member was ____.
    ______ was a radio priest based in the city of _____,____.
    American Liberty League

    Al Smith

    Charles Coughlin

    Royal Oak, Michigan
  27. Liberal critics of FDR included:
    _______ who wanted the federal government to provide for the elderly by giving them 200 dollars per month if they would ___ and _________.
    Francis Townsend


    spend the money that month
  28. _______ who was a louisiana senator who proposed that the federal government guarantee every American adult the following:
    Huey Long

    • 1. House
    • 2. Car
    • 3. Free Education
    • 4. Pension (retirment)
    • 5. Min. Income of $2,000 a year
  29. Huey Long's Proposal would be paid for by taxing those individuals with annual incomes of ____ by taxing 100% all income over that level. Anyone who had accumulated ____ must turn over the excess to the government. He promised to make _____. His slogan was ____. His Nickname was ___. He was _____.
    1 Million

    5 million

    every man a king

    share the wealth

    King Fish

  30. _____ proposed that the elderly over the age of ___ be paid a pension of ___ dollars a month and that workshops for the unemployed be created by the government.
    Upton Sinclair


    50 dollars
  31. In the 1930's the United States followed an ___ foreign policy. the ____ was a Senate investigation into our entrance into WWI. It had an ____ slant as it blamed the war on manufacturers, bankers , and others in the business world.


  32. ____ proposed a constitutional amendment so that a national vote was necessary before the US went to war. It was narrowly defeated.
    Louis Ludlow
  33. ___ directed a radio version of the ______ classic novel, War of the Worlds. It was announced that Martians had invaded ____, ____. The panic that followed was a reflection of American fears of events in Germany.
    Orson Wells

    H.G. Welles

    Princeton, New Jersey
  34. Those who opposed American entrance into WWII formed the ___ ___ ___. ____ was a founder while ___ was its most prominent spokesman. Their slogan was _____.
    America First Committee

    Henry Ford

    Charles Lindbergh

    Fortress America
  35. _____ was Army Air Force officer who predicted that ___ would be our greatest enemy. He demonstrated the importance of an ____ in any future war.
    William Mitchell


    Air Force
  36. WWII began on the date _______ with a German invasion of _____. The Japanese invasion of French Indochina: ____,____, and ____. Led the US to stop all sales of aviation fuel and scrap metal as well as freezing all Japanese assets in the US.
    Sept. 1, 1939


    Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos
  37. The US established a Good Neighbor policy toward ______ at a conference held in the city of ____,___.
    Latin America

    Montevideo, Urgay
  38. The US was ____ until the Japanese _______ on the date ________ which FDR called a date which will live in infamy. Only one person dissented from the vote to go to war: ____ of _____.

    Pearl Harbor

    Dec. 7, 1941

    Jeannette Ramkin of Montana
  39. The 5 Allies of WWII included:
    • Great Britain
    • France
    • Soviet Union USSR
    • China
    • United States
  40. The 3 Axis Powers of WWII included:
    • Japan
    • Germany
    • Italy
  41. In the election of 1940 the Democratic candidate was ____. His vice president was ______. The Republican candidate was ____.

    Henry Wallace

    Wendel Wilkie
  42. The ______ was established to regulate wages and prices. ____ promoted the ware effort. _____ revolutionized the ship building industry with pre fabrication techniques.
    OPA ( office of price admin.)

    Elmer Davis

    Henry Kaiser
  43. _____ became the assistant president in charge of the war effort.
    James Byrnes
  44. The US first saw action in _____ wehre the Allies defeated German Forces commanded by ______ or the ____. This was code named _____ .
    North Africa

    General Erwin Rommel

    Desert Fox

    Operation Torch
  45. Allied leadership made the decision to invade _____ and afterward, the mainland of ___. ____ was overthrown with Italy soon joing the Allies.


  46. On the eastern front, Hitler made the decision to invade an ally, the _____ which was code named _____. At ____ the Germans laid siege to the city for a period of over 2 1/2 yrs. The battle of ___ was the turning point of the war in the east in the year _____ as German forces were pushed back.
    Soviet Union

    Operation Barbarossa



  47. On the date ____ ,____ the Allies invaded _____ which was code named ____ or _____.
    June 6th 1944


    Operation Overlord

  48. Allied Forces were commanded by _______.
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  49. At the battle of ____, General ____ made the famed reply of ____ to the German demands for surrender.

    A.C. McAuliffe

  50. Amercian Forces met at the _____ River at _____

  51. In the 1944 Election the Democratic Candidate was _____ his VP was ____. The Republican Candidate was ____.

    Harry Truman

    Thomas Dewey
  52. On the date _____, ____ the German Fuhrer, _____ committed Suicide.
    April 30th 1945

    Adolf Hitler
  53. On the Date ______, Germany surrendered in what became known as ____ Day
    May 8th 1945

    V.E. Day
  54. During the course of the war the Allied leadership or ______ met at such locations as ____,___, _____,___, and ____.
    The Big Three

    • Cairo
    • Casablanca
    • Tehran
    • Yalta
    • Potsdam
  55. Members of the Allied Leadership or The Big Three Included what three people and countries?

    Winston Churchhill-Great Britain

    Joseph Stalin- USSR (Soviet Union)
  56. At the battle of the ____ Americans stopped the Japanese advance on Australia. The battle of the ____ was the first battle fought entirely by aircraft carriers.
    Coral Sea

    Coral Sea
  57. The battle of ___ was a turning point in the war in the Pacific
  58. ___ commanded the American Navy in the Pacific.
    Chester Nimity
  59. ____ refers to the American plan to take the ____ at the battle of____ with as few men and supplies as possible. _____ ___ _____ commanded American naval forces at this batttle
    Operation Shoestring

    Soloman Islands


    Willaim Bull Halsey
  60. _____ commanded the American Army in the Pacific. When he was force to surrender the Phillippines to the Japanese he promised ____. Americans regained control of the Philippines at the battle of ____.
    Douglas Mac Arthur

    I Shall Return

    Leyte Gulf
  61. At the battle of ____ Japanese suicide pilots or ____ were first used.

  62. The final meeting of the Big Three took place at ____, a suburb of ____. Battles fought at ____ and ___ less than 350 miles from Japan conviced the American High Command of the terrible toll it would take on American forces to invade the Japanese home islands.


    Okiniwa and Iwajima
  63. The ______, directed by______, refers to the development of atomic weapons. German Refugee ______ had convinced FDR of the necessity of American creation of such sophisticated arms. One was first tested at _____, ______.
    Manhatten Project

    Robert Oppenheimer

    Albert Einstein

    Almamagordo, New Mexico
  64. The ____, piloted by _____, dropped the first bomb on ______. This Plane took from the island of _____ to complete what was considered to be a suicide mission. The second was dropped on ____
    Enola Day piloted by Paul Tibbets



  65. The Japanese surrendered on _____, ____ which became known as _____. The formal surrender took place _____ on board the battleship____ with _____ presiding.
    Sept. 2, 1945

    BJ Day

    Tokyo Bay


    Douglas Mac Arthur
  66. The United Nations was first organized in the city of ____. At _____ trials were held for those accused of war crimes.
    San Francisco

  67. At ______,____ in a speech given to ______ College, Winston Churchill first used the term iron curtain to refer to the barriers between eastern and Western Europe.
    Fulton, Missouri

    West Minster
  68. President Truman selected _____ to be his Secretary of State who was responsible for the _____ to rebuild war-torn Europe. The _____ was created which promised American support to countries resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or outside pressures. It was first used in the countries of ______ and ____.
    George Marshall

    Marshall Plan

    Truman Doctrine

    Greece and Turkey
  69. 66._____ was created to rescue German rocket scientists during WWII. One of those rescued was _______ who was instrumental in the creation of a new space program. A new space agency called ____ was established in 1958 to develop spacecraft which could explore the universe.
    Operation Paperclip

    Weiner Van Braun

  70. 67.NASA used the work of _____ who developed the liquid fuel rocket and is considered the _____ .
    Robert Goddard

    Father of American Space Travel
  71. 68._____ was the first satellite in space (1957) which was followed soon after by ____, the first American satellite in space. The National Defense Education Act was quickly passed which placed emphasis on the academic subjects of ___ and ____.


    Science and Math
  72. 69.After WWII had ended _____ Germany was controlled by the Soviets while ____ Germany was controlled by Britain, France and the United States.

  73. 70.When the Soviets blockaded Berlin in 1948 in an attempt to take the city the U.S. came to its aid with an airlift called _____. This led to the creation of an international security alliance called____.
    Operation Vittles

  74. 71.Nato was headed by ____. The Soviet response was the _____, an Eastern European security alliance.
    Charles Spofford

    Warsaw Pact
  75. 72.In 1948 _____ was the Democratic candidate for President while _____ was the Republican candidate for President.
    Harry Truman

    Thomas Dewey
  76. 73.____ was the States' Right or _____ candidate while _____ was the Progressive candidate in the 1948 election.
    Strom Thurmond

    Henry Wallace
  77. 74.In the election of 1948 the incumbent President called Congress _____ for its unwillingness to cooperate with his proposals. The President appealed to the American people by traveling by train on a _____ campaign
    Do Nothing

    Whistle Stop
  78. 75.Truman called his plans for the country the ______.
    Fair Deal
  79. 77.Truman ______ armed forces.
  80. 78.During Trumans second term _____, a Congressional committee, began to investigate subversive activity in what came to be known as a ____

    Witch Hunt
  81. 79._____ was a California senator who rose to national prominence through his membership on this committee.
    Richard Nixon
  82. 80.A confessed Soviet spy by the name of ____ accused a former State Department offical, ______ of Communist Activity.
    Whitaker Chambers

    Alger hiss
  83. 81.____ was a Wisconsin Senator who made his career when he announced in a speech at ___ that he had the names of 205 suspected Communist sympathizers who were employed by the State Department. Attempts to smear the reputation of supsected radicals, using any tactis possible was called__
    Joseph McCarthy

    Wheeling, West Virginia

    the 2nd Red Scare
  84. 82.____ and ____ were exucuted in 1953 for their role in an atomic spy ring.
    Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
  85. 83.In 1949 _______ fell to Communist forces led by ________.

    Mao Zedong
  86. 84.Nationlist forces led by _____ fled to the nearby island of ____.
    Chiang Kai Shek

  87. 85.The Korean War began with an invasion by _____ in the year_____. President _____ called for a UN police force to push the invading force north across the dividing line between North and South Korea.
    North Korea


  88. 86.The war did not end until ____. ______ commanded the U.N. forces in the war.

    Douglas Mac Arthur
  89. 87.Douglas Mac Arthur landed at _____ but when he approached the _____, the dividing line between North Korea and China, the Chinese sent troops in.

    Yalu River
  90. 88._____ was fired by Truman for ______
    Mac Arthur

  91. 89._______ said that this war was ___________________________.
    Omar Bradley

    The wrong war at the wrong time at the wrong place against the wrong enemy
  92. 90.The Peace Treaty was signed at ________. Korea remains divided at the _______.

    38th Parallel
  93. 91.In 1952 and 1956 the Republican Candidate for the Presidency was _______ and his vice presidential running mate was ______. The Democratic Candidate was _______ (nickname was _____) and his vice presidential running mate was _____ who had become famous for investigating organized crime.
    • Dwight Eisenhower
    • VP- Richard Nixon

    • Adai Stevenson (Egg Head)
    • VP- Estes Kefauver
  94. (Eisenhower)
    _____ became the Secretary of State who wanted Japan to become the foundation of American Foreign policy in Asia to stop the spread of communism. He was also known for the policy of ________ or willingness to take the world to nuclear war for American defense.
    John Foster Dulles

  95. (Eisenhower)
    ______ was a pilot of a U-2 spy plane which flew at high altitudes over the Soviet Unioin. He was shot down which became a global embarrassment to the United States when it became known that the U.S. was promoting espionage.
  96. Gary Francis Powers
  97. (Eisenhower)
    Because of the U-2 plane shot down... A summit meeting between President ______ and the Soviet premier ______, which was to be held in the city of ____, was called off. Tensions between the 2 superpowers escalated

    Nikita Khruschev

  98. (Eisenhower)
    _____ was a communist guerrilla leader in Vietnam who had fought the Japanese there in WWII in the belief that France would grant this colony its independence after the war ended. At ______ French forces were defeated in Vietnam in 1954.
    Ho Chi Minh

    Dien Bien Phu
  99. (Eisenhower)
    At an international meeting in ______, _____, Vietnam was divided at the _____. Election were to be held in 2 years to unify the country which the ___ opposed in the fear of a communist victory.
    Geneva Switzerland

    17th Parallel

  100. (Eisenhower)
    _____ became the first president of South Vietnam to be given support by the US. he was a ______
  101. Ngo Dink Dien
    Anti Communist Catholic
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