Chapter 27 Reading Check

  1. the "yellow press" or "yellow journalism of these two guys influenced over seas expansion
    Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst
  2. Reverend Josiah Strong
    Our Country: It's Possible Future and Its Present Crisis. Spoke for civilizing and Christianizing savages
  3. Darwins effect on this era
    the United States was the fittest and needed to take over other nations
  4. Captain alfred Thayer Mahan
    1890s book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, argued that every successful world power once held a great navy.
  5. Big Sister Policy
    aimed at rallying the latin american nations behind Uncle Sam's leadership and opening Latin American markets to Yankee traders
  6. Great Rapprochement
    or reconciliation- the british fully aware of european peril were now determined to cultivate Yankee friendship. The British inaugurated an era of "patting the eagle's head" which replaced a century of America's "twisting the lion's tail."
  7. Mckinley Tariff
    raised barriers against a Hawaiian product, caused the sugar markets to go sour in 1890
  8. Queen Liliuokalani
    was the last reigning queen of Hawaii, opposed the US annexing Hawaii
  9. insurrectos
    cuban insurgents who sought freedom from colonial spanish rule. Their destructive tactics threatened American economy interests in Cuban plantations and railroads.
  10. The explosion of the Maine
    Feburary 15, 1898; encouraged and amplified by the "yellow press" the out cry over the tragedy of this helped drive the country into an impulsive war against spain
  11. Valeriano "Butcher" Weyler
    Spanish General who came to Cuba to crush the revolt and ended up putting many civilians into concentration camps that were terrible and killed many
  12. Frederick Remington
    • sent by Hearst to draw pictures of often-fictional atrocities
    • "You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war"
  13. Dupuy de Lome
    Spanish minister that wrote a letter that ridiculed President Mckinley, published by Hearst
  14. Reasons President McKinley decided to go to war
    • War with spain seemed inevitable
    • america had to defend democracy
    • opposing a war could split the republican party and america
  15. Teller Amendment
    proclaimed that when the U.S. had overthrown Spanish misrule, it would give the Cubans their freedom and not conquer it
  16. Commodore George Dewey
    ordered to leave Hong Kong to take over the philippines which he did successfully when he seized Manila
  17. Rough Riders
    a regiment of volunteers led by Theodore Roosevelt and Colonel Leonard Wood, rushed to Cuba and battled at El Caney stormed up San Juan Hill
  18. Philippines
    • in negotiations in Paris, American got Guam and Puerto Rico and freed Cuba, but these islands were a tough problem
    • McKinely decided to keep these islands and America paid $20 million for them
  19. Anti- Imperialist League
    • sprang into being, firmly opposed McKinley administrations expansionist moves,
    • Its members included Mark Twain, William James, Samuel Gompers, and Andrew Carnegie
    • Even the Filipinos wanted freedom, and denying that to them was un-american
  20. The Foraker Act
    of 1900 gave Puerto Ricans a limited degree of popular government, and in 1917, congress granted Puerto Ricans full American citizenship
  21. Insular Cases
    • the supreme court barely ruled that the Constitution did not have full authority on how to deal with the islands (Cuba and Puerto Rico), essentially letting Congress do whatever it wanted with them
    • Basically the cases said the islands residents do not necessarily share the same rights as Americans
  22. Platt Amendment
    • the US could intervene and restore order in case of anarchy
    • that the US could trade freely with cuba
    • that the US could get two bays for naval bases notably guantanamo bay
  23. Spanish American War
    lasted only 113 days and affirmed America's presence as a world power
  24. Emilio Aguinaldo
    led the insurrection when Filipinos didn't recieve freedom after the Spanish American War
  25. William Howard Taft
    Hed of the Philippine Commission and developed a strong attachment for the filipinos calling them his "little brown brothers"
  26. Followed its defeat to Japan in 1894- 1895
    China had been carved into "spheres of influence" by the European powers
  27. Open Door note
    Secretary of State John Hay dispatched this, urded the European nations to keey fair competition open to all nations willing and wanting to participate
  28. Boxer Rebellion
    a super patriotic group of chinese who murdered more than two hundred foreigners and thousands of Chiness Christians and besieged the foreign diplomatic community in the capital Beijing
  29. 1900 election
    McKinley (Theodore Roosevelt) and William Jennings Bryan
  30. Clayton- Bulwer treaty
    • with Britian had forbade the construction by either country of a canal in the americas without the other's consent and help
    • But that statement was nullified in 1901 by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty that gave US not only a free hand to build the canal but conceded the right to fortify it
  31. Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
    gave a widened (6x10 mi.) Panamanian zone to the US for $15 million
  32. Colonel William C. Gorgas
    quiet and determined exterminator of yellow fever in Havana, ultimately made theCanal Zone "as safe as a health resort". At the cost of some $400 million
  33. Colonel George Washington Goethals
    ultimately brought the project to completion in 1914
  34. Roosevelt Corollary
    stated that in future cases of debt problems, the US would take over and handle any intervention in Latin AMerica on behalf of Europe, thus keeping Europe away and the Monore Doctrine intact
  35. "The Great White Fleet"
    To impress the Japanese, Roosevelt sent his entire battleship fleet, around the world for a tour, and it received tremendous salutes in Latin America, New Zealand, Hawaii, Australia, and Japan, helping relieve tensions
  36. Root-Takahira Agreement
    pledged the US and Japan to respect each other's territorial possessions in the Pacific and to uphold the Open Door Policy in Chine
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Chapter 27 Reading Check
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