us abd

  1. What is the sono findings from chronic pyelonephritis and the results?
  2. What is the renal cortex and renal hilum?
    Cortex -outer renal parenchyma

    renal hilum -medial opening for artery, vein and ureter
  3. What is anastomosis?
    Putting two things together

    (like the area the renal artery is connected during a transplant)
  4. What is a normal resistive index?
    Less than .7
  5. What is the sono findings from chronic pyelonephritis and the results?
    Leads to renal failure

    On ultrasound it appears as a small hyperechoic kidney
  6. Can and how can you detect autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease in utero?
    • Yes
    • with the evidence of oligohydramnios (low fluid)
  7. What is the most common genetically determined childhood cystic disease of the kidneys?
    Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
  8. Where can an ectopic kidney be found?
    In the pelvis
  9. What is the disease called when there is hyperechoic medullary pyramids?
    Medullary sponge kidney
  10. What is an angiomyolipoma?
    Hyperechoic benign renal tumor
  11. What is the main focus of tuberous sclerosis?
    Bilateral angiomyolipomas
  12. Most common solid renal mass in adults? Hypoechoic on ultrasound
    Renal cell carcinoma
  13. What is the most common sokid renal tumor in children (less than 3 years old)?
    • Wilm's tumor (nephroblastoma)
    • destroys the renal contour
  14. Sonographically what are the types of cyst and where are they in the kidneys?
    Cortical or parechymal - periphery

    Peripelvic - center of the kidney
  15. What is the 2 things autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (adult) is associated with?
    Cysts in the liver, pancreas and spleen

    Arterial aneurysm - cerebral arterial (berry) aneurysm of the circle of willis
Card Set
us abd
anatomy and disease