What is Abduction?
Lateral movement away from the midline of the body
What is Adduction?
Medial movement toward the midline of the body
What is Circumduction?
Circular movement (combining flexion, extension, adduction, and abduction) with no shaft rotation
What is Extension?
Straightening the joint resulting in an increase of angle
What is Flexion?
Bending the joint resulting in a decrease of angle
What is Pronation?
Internal rotation resulting in appendage facing downward
What is Supination?
External rotation resulting in appendage facing upward
What is Rotation?
Rotary movement around the longitudinal axis of the bone
What is Dorsiflexion?
Movement at the ankle to point the toes upward
Movement at the ankle to point the toes downward