psych final 2

  1. remembering- recoding/ recalling
    • encoding- the initial intake of an imput
    • recal- calling the info

    cued recall- given a hint of somehting so you can remmeber the rest

    recognition recall- remembering bast on what you see
  2. savings
    if you remember somehting but then forget it, it is not as hard to learn it the second time
  3. ebbinhaus and the desert ant
    • desert ant- searches for food and records angle of sun, once food is found it figures out how to get home by calculating angle
    • Explicit memory- what you can tell someone about or write down
    • Implicit memory- everyhting else. Cant talk about it but can do it- riding a bike
  4. prodedural memory
    • another word for implicit memory
    • A procedure- like riding a bike
  5. Declarative memory
    • another word for explicit memory
    • Somehting you can declare
  6. flashbulb memory
    can remember traumati things that happened long ago like 9/11 but not last tuesday
  7. Types of memory
    Episodic memory- go back in time and imagine your first person experiene of a memory

    Semantic memory- opposite of episodic memory- list of facts- captiol of CA is Sacramento

    Implicit/ Procedural Memory- remembering how to do somehting
  8. Godden and Baddeley
    • context dependance
    • 2groups of people - 1 learned things above water, 1 under water.

    Could recall things better in location in which they learned them
  9. state dependence
    taking in internal state of when you learn things

  10. Opponent process circuits
    • 2 inputs to one cell, from opposite kinds of stimuli (red/green, dark/light, move up/down, ect)
    • a signal for 1 perceptual quality excites an output. A signal for the complementary quality inhibits the output
    • j2R3The level of activity of the output (excited of inhibited relative to resting level) determines the perceived quality
  11. Habituation
    • - neurons that fire a lot over a long period of time “get tired”
  12. Opponent
    • process circuitry plus habituation
    • Show stimulus A for a long time A cells habituate
    • Show neutral stimulus (A=B) A cells habituated (below resting rate), B cells fresh (at resting rate)
    • B>A, so perceive neutral stimulus as A
    • Explains
    • Color aftereffects
    • Motion aftereffects
  13. pons
    control sleep, respiration, ect
  14. medulla
    cardiac and respiratory control center
  15. cerebellum
  16. thalmus
    recieves senses from spinal cord, relays them to the rest of the brain. except smell
  17. hypothalmus
    hunger sleep temp regulation
  18. temporal lobe
    language, aphasia, social processing
  19. parietal lobe
    • includes primary motor and somatosenroy (feeling pain/touch)
    • Memory
  20. occipita lobe
    vision. in back of head
  21. 2 hemispheres of brain
    contralateral- sensory info goes to opposite hemispheres
  22. corpus callosum
    • major- but not only- pathway between the 2 hemispheres of brain.
    • Connects comparable structures on each side
  23. retina
    • neural tissue in back of brain that recievers light
    • contains rods and cones- catch and convert light into neural signals and sends them down the optic nerve
  24. fovea
    • back of retina directly behind pupil
    • catches and converts light into neural signals and sends them down the optic nerve
    • Photoreceptors?
  25. photoreceptors
Card Set
psych final 2
psych final 2