Globalization - B

  1. Abolitionism
    • movement to end slavery
    • unnecessary with new industrial technology
    • slaves were freed, but wih a long way to go with racism
  2. Columbian Exchange
    • exchange of animals, plants, culture, slaves, disease and ideas
    • new world/old world, connected the 4 continents
    • contributed to the scientific/industrial revolution
  3. Middle Passage
    • millions of people from Africa shipped to New World
    • part of the Atlantic Slave Trade
    • horrible conditions, many died, linked Africa and Atlantic world trading wise
  4. Qing Dynasty
    • conquered China
    • 80 year military effort, expanded territory of China
    • transformed Central Asia
    • Elimated era of nomads
  5. Ottoman Empire
    • most powerful empire, Islamic, Turkic people, cross cultural
    • seized Constantinople
    • swept over most of the Middle East, North Africa, South East Europe
  6. Mughal Empire
    • India, Islamic/Hindu civilization
    • unified control over Indian Peninsula
    • layed foundation for Britist Colonial Rule

  7. Aztec Empire
    • semi-nomadic group from Northern Mexico that Migrated South
    • human sacrifice huge
    • Triple Alliance - a military conquest program
    • brought most of mesoamerica under 1 political frame
    • Hernan Cortez conquered the Aztecs
  8. Inca Empire
    • Located along the Andes Mountains
    • Largest empire
    • Bureaucratic Empire
  9. Benin
    • Kingdom in West Africa
    • patronized artists
    • famous for brass sculptures
  10. Iroquois Confederacy
    • 5 Iroquois nations come together, agricultural village society
    • Great Law of Peace, settle differences peacefully
    • set example of limited government, social equality and personal freedom, concepts European colonists found attractive
  11. Huguenots
    Protestant minority

    • French society torn by massacre in Paris, Catholic Mobs killed 3,000 Huguenots
    • 'Edict of Nantes' issued for toleration of religion for French Protestants
    • conflict led to Thirty Years War which was a Catholic-Protestant struggle
  12. Tokugawa shogunate
    name for a Japan Military Commander

    • surpressed Christian practice, silver-generated profits, market based economy
    • flourishing commercialized economy foundation for 19th century industrial revolution
  13. Feminism
    Mass movement for equal rights for women

    • most operated in peace, some violence occured
    • 19th century feminism raised issues taht echoed more loudly in the century that followed

    • Mary Wollstonecraft
    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  14. Nationalism
    • idea that humankind was divided into seperate nations
    • powerful idea in the 19th century world
    • created controversy because no clear answer of who belonged to the nation or who should speak for it
  15. Haitian Revolution
    Revolution to free the Haitians from French rule, part of the French Revolution

    • came with a cost: extreme poverty with loss of sugar and coffee production
    • created fear in whites to not let that happen again
    • most successful slave rebellion ever to have occured in the America's
    • Defining moment for Africans
  16. Potosi
    • major global source of silver
    • exposure to mercury
    • thousands of workers died
  17. Settler colonies
    • Britist Settlers, NE, NY & Pennsylvania
    • "Leftovers"
    • wanted to escape old European society rather than re-create it
    • disease & military power cleared out Native Americans
    • became the US - politically stable, democratic, economically successful with international power
  18. European Renaissance
    renewed cultural blossoming

    • "returning to the sources"
    • wholly new era
    • art inspiration & literature
    • Da Vinci, Michelangelo & Raphael
Card Set
Globalization - B
Diverse Cultures: Globalization Midterm Part B