What are the 3 elements of Adequate Perfusion?
In adequate perfusion the heart acts as a
In adequate perfusion the Blood acts as a?
In adequate perfusion the Vessels act as a?
Simply, what is Shock?
Inadequate Tissue Perfusion
What are 2 items in a sympathetic response?
"Fight or Flight"
Release of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
What happens to your Mental status during shock?
What happens to your Heart during shock?
What happens to your Bronchi during shock?
What happens to your Skin Vessels during shock?
What happens to your Sweat during shock?
What happens to your Pupils during shock?
What happens to your Digestion during shock?
What happens to your Liver during shock?
Releases stores of sugar
What happens to your Adrenal Medulla
3 Types of Shock?
Hypovolemic Shock is?
When fluids are lost during bleeding/hemmorhaging
What is the "Golden Hour"
When a patient needs to be in surgery. Ideally, 1 hour from incident occurance
What is the "Platinum 10 minutes"
Ideally, having the patient transporting in 10 minutes
What is Cardiogenic Shock?
When the heart is not pumping effectively. IE: Myocardial Infarction & CHF
What is Neurogenic Shock?
Caused by uncontrolled vasodialation of the blood vessels
What causes Neurogenic Shock?
Spinal Cord Injuries
What does CRASH-N-PM stand for?
What are some signs and symptoms of shock?
Altered Mental Status
Increased heart rate
Pale, Cool & Diophoretic
What are some signs of Early Shock
Decreased Cap Refill
Increased Respiratory rate
In Early Shock how much blood is lost?
1-2 Pints (15-20% loss)
What are signs of Late Shock?
Weak respiratory rate
Skin changes and thirst
Thready Pulse and Nausea
Drop in BP
How much blood is lost in Late Shock
3-5 Pints (30-50%)
Average Person has how much blood in them?
5-6 liters (10-12 pints)
WHat is the coversion rate for pints to liters?
2 pints = 1 Liter
If an Adult loses _______cc it may be serious
1000cc (1 liter)
If a child loses _____cc of blood it may be serious
500cc (.5 liter)
If an infant losses _____cc of blood it may be serious
What are the 3 types of external bleeding?
What is the furthest you should put a TK on a patient
no more then 2 inches from site