HS-155 Exam 1

  1. Schemes
    How we think about what we want
  2. Sensorimotor Stage
    that first of Piaget's stage, which lasts from birth to about 2 years of agel infants construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences with motoric action
  3. Assimilation
    think i know how the world works, everything you see fits in this category
  4. Accomodation
    adjusting schemes to fit new information and experiences
  5. Disequilibrium
    child inevitably experiences cognitive conflict, counterexamples to his or her exisitng schemes
  6. Memory
    • Ø Implicit Memory—memory without conscious recollection;
    • involves skills and routine procedures that are automatic

    • Ø Explicit Memory—memory of facts and experiences that
    • individuals consciously know and can state
  7. Language Rule System
    • Phonology—basic sounds, basic sounds, phoneme-->smallest unit of
    • sound that affects meaning

    • Morphology—minimal unit of meaning,
    • words, prefixes, suffixes

    • Syntax—involves the way words are combined to form
    • acceptable phrases and sentences

    Semantics—meaning of words and sentences

    • Pragmatics---the appropriate use of language in different
    • contexts
  8. Self-Conscious Emotions
    emtions that require self-awarencess, especially consciousness and a sense of "me" examples include jealousy, empathy, embarrassment, pride, shame, guilt.
  9. Primary Emotions
    • emotions that are present in humans and other animals and emerge early in life
    • o
    • Surprise






  10. Reflexive Smile
    a smile that does not occur in response to external stimuli. It happens during the month after birth, usually during sleep
  11. Social Smile
    a smile in repsonse to an external stimulus, which early in development is typically a face.
  12. Scaffolding
    • Ø Parents time interactions so that
    • infants experience turn-taking with the parents
  13. Recoprocal Socialization
    Spcialization that is bi-directional; children socialize parents, just as parents socialize children
  14. Social Referencing
    "Reading" emotional cues in others to help determine how to act in a particular situation
  15. Swaddling
    • Wrapping baby tightly on back
    • -practiced in Navajo
    • -Reduces Infants Crying
  16. Temperament
    involves individuals differences in behavioral styles, emotions, and characteristics ways of respong
Card Set
HS-155 Exam 1
Cognitive Development in Infancy