37 Study Guide

  1. In a complete fracture:




    B. the fracture crosses or involves the entire width or thickness of the bone.
  2. In an oblique fracture, the energy or force is:



    B. compressive and at an angle
  3. Which is a definite sign of a fracture?




    D. unnatural alignment
  4. Subluxation



    B. articular cartilages are partially separated
  5. Sprain
    a. articular cartilages lose contact entirely
    b. articular cartilages are partially separated
    c. complete separation of a tendon or a ligament
    d. a ligament tear
    d. a ligament tear
  6. Secondary muscular dysfunctions:




    E. Both b and c are correct. (b. can display contractures. c. result from failure of calcium pump.)
  7. The most common cause of osteomyelitis is:




    B. direct contamination of an open wound.
  8. Osteoporosis pathogenesis involves:




    C. alteration in the OPG/RANKL/RANK system.
  9. Osteomalacia causes:




    E. Both b and c are correct. (b. inadequate mineralization. c. radiolucency.)
  10. Bone tumors may originate from all of the following except:




    D. epithelial tissue.
  11. In benign bone tumors, there is:



    D. a uniform and well-defined lytic area.
  12. An osteosarcoma is a(n):




    E. osteogenic, malignant tumor.
  13. A major symptom of bone cancer is a:




    B. persistent pain that worsens at night.
  14. Giant cell tumors:




    D. have high recurrence rates.
  15. Myeloma:




    E. a, b, and c are correct. (a. is a malignant proliferation of plasma cells. b. has a poor prognosis. c. infiltrates the bone marrow.)
  16. Rhuematoid arthritis begins with:




    E. destruction of the synovial membrane and subsynovial tissue.
  17. The causes of osteoarthritis include which of the following? (More than one answer may be correct)




    • A. enzymatic breakdown
    • b. proteoglycan destruction
  18. Ankylosing spondylitis (more than one answer may be correct):




    • A. is a systemic immune inflammatory disease.
    • b. is characterized by stiffening or fusion of the spine.
    • d. begins with inflammation of fibrocartilage.
    • e. is manifested early be low back pain and stiffness.
  19. In gout:




    E. All of the above are correct.
  20. A muscle contracture is:




    B. muscle shortening possibly because of CNS injury.
  21. Myotonia is all of the following except:




    D. unresponsiveness to neural stimulation.
  22. McArdle disease




    E. inability to catabolize glycogen
  23. Acid maltase deficiency
    a. hypothyroidism
    b. hyperparathyroidism
    c. accumulation of glycogen in lysosomes
    d. inability to catabolize glycogen
    e. immune system abnormality
    c. accumulation of glycogen in lysosomes
  24. Polymyositis
    a. hypothyroidism
    b. hyperparathyroidism
    c. accumulation of glycogen in lysosomes
    d. inability to catabolize glycogen
    e. immune system abnormality
    e. immune system abnormality
  25. Rhabdomyosarcomas have:
    a. a poor prognosis.
    b. aggressive invasion.
    c. early, widespread dissemination.
    d. pleomorphic types.
    e. All of the above are correct.
    e. All of the above are correct.
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137404
Card Set
37 Study Guide
Description
Alterations of Musculoskeletal Function
Updated