29 Study Guide

  1. Renal function tests include:




    D. Both a and b are correct. (a. the urinalysis. b. BUN and serum creatinine.)
  2. Which substance is an abnormal constituent of urine?



    C. glucose
  3. The presence of albumin in the urine would indicate probable damage to:




    A. glomeruli
  4. Which statement is not true concerning urinary tract infections?



    C. Once cystitis develops, pyelonephritis will certainly occur.
  5. Renal calculi may be composed of:




    E. Both a and b are correct. (a. calcium oxalate. b. uric acid.)
  6. Which can be characteristic of ureteral stones?




    D. All of the above are correct.
  7. Which are predisposing factors for acute urinary tract infections? (More than one answer may be correct)




    • B) a. congenital deformities of urinary tract
    • b. the sex of the patient
    • c. decreased urine flow
  8. A common cause of both pyelonephritis and cystitis is:



    A. invading, ascending microorganisms, such as E. coli.
  9. Uremia exhibits:




    B. retention of metabolic acids.
  10. Pyelonephritis is (more than one answer may be correct):



    • D) b. characterized by fever, chills, and flank pain.
    • c. characterized by pyuria, bacteriuria, and hematuria.
    • d. more common in young women than in young men.
  11. Which renal condition usually has a history of recent infection with beta-hemolytic streptococci?




    B. glomerulonephritis
  12. Which statement is not true concerning glomerulonephritis?




    E. Approximately 90% of individuals develop chronic disease.
  13. Nephrotic syndrome is associated with ? to plasma ?.



    A. increased glomerular permeability; proteins
  14. Causes of acute renal failure include:




    D) d. Both b and c are correct. (b. stones and strictures in kidneys or ureters.)
  15. Which describe a patient in acute renal failure? (More than one answer may be correct)




    • A. elevated serum creatinine
    • e. oliguria
  16. Which is not a characteristic of chronic renal failure?




    B. anuria
  17. Chronic renal failure:




    D. All of the above are correct.
  18. An individual has an elevated blood level of urea and creatinine because of complete calculi blockage of one ureter. This is referred to as:




    B. postrenal disease.
  19. Nephrotoxins, such as antibiotics, may be responsible for:



    B. acute tubular necrosis.
  20. Uremia, as seen in chronic renal failure, would include:



    D. All of the above are correct.
  21. The earliest symptom of chronic renal failure is:



    D. polyuria.
  22. In chronic renal failure, tubulointerstitial disease leads to:



    A. sodium wasting.
  23. Goodpasture syndrome




    D. pulmonary capillary and glomerular basement membrane antibodies
  24. Hypovolemia




    D) a. prerenal failure
  25. Uremia
    a. prerenal failure
    b. postrenal failure
    c. chronic glomerulonephritis
    d. pulmonary capillary and glomerular basement membrane antibodies
    e. pruritus
    e. pruritus
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137396
Card Set
29 Study Guide
Description
Alterations of Renal and Urinary Tract Function
Updated