27 Study Guide

  1. T/F
    Inflammation above the epiglottis causes a barking cough.
    False
  2. T/F
    Laryngotracheobronchitis is more severe than epiglotitis.
    False
  3. T/F
    Surfactant production accelerates airway luminal growth.
    False
  4. T/F
    Failure to produce surfactant at birth results in severe atelectasis and RDS.
    True
  5. T/F
    Cystic fibrosis is a disease process primarily caused by hyperresponsive airways that are sensitive to certain environmental triggers.
    False
  6. T/F
    Bronchiolotis and asthma produce similar symptoms.
    True
  7. Epiglottitis is characterized by:




    E. Both b and c are correct. (b. severe stridor. c. drooling.)
  8. Laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) is characterized by:




    E. All of the above are correct.
  9. The most common cause of bronciolitis is:



    D. respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
  10. Streptococcal pneumonia in children is acute and tends to occur in:




    A. any season.
  11. Staphylococcal pneumonia in children has its highest incidence at:



    C. 1 week to 2 years.
  12. Bronchiolitis:



    D. All of the above is correct.
  13. All of the following statements about foreign body aspiration are true except:




    C. it can cause pneumonia and atelectasis.
  14. Which statement is true concerning cystic fibrosis?




    • A. a, b, and d are correct. (a. It is a multisystem disease. b. Defect results in overproduction of viscous mucus.
    • d. Infectious complications are common.)
  15. Which statement is true concerning asthma?




    D. Both a and c are correct. (a. Its triggers include allergy, viruses, and exercise. c. It is characterized by hyperresponsive airways.)
  16. Which statement is true concerning RDS of the new born? There is:



    D. All of the above are correct.
  17. Expiratory wheezing






    D. asthma
  18. Autosomal recessive disease
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    b. cystic fibrosis
  19. A right-to-left shunt
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
  20. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
  21. Acute, life-threatening infection
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    e. epiglottitis
  22. Parainfluenza virus
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
  23. Prone position increases incidence
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    d. SIDS
  24. Spasm of vocal cords occurs as inflammation intensifies
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
  25. Inflammatory basis with hyperresponsive airways
    a. asthma
    b. cystic fibrosis
    c. laryngotracheobronchitis
    d. SIDS
    e. epiglottitis
    f. respiratory distress syndrome
    g. obstructive sleep apnea
    a. asthma
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137394
Card Set
27 Study Guide
Description
Alterations of Pulmonary Function in Children
Updated