24 Study Guide

  1. T/F
    Shunts are usually independent of systemic or pulmonary pressures and are solely the result of heart defects.
    False
  2. T/F
    A patent ductus arteriosus or VSD is sometimes helpful when it is associated with other cardiac defects.
    True
  3. T/F
    VSDs always require surgical closure.
    False
  4. T/F
    In ASDs or VSDs, murmurs indicate defects.
    True
  5. T/F
    Cyanosis is not a major finding in transportation of the great vessels, because the blood is free to travel normally to the lungs.
    False
  6. Abnormal blood flow within the heart is usually referred to as a(n) ?.
    shunt
  7. In VSD, the shunt direction is generally ? to ?.
    left, right
  8. Cyanotic defects usually shunt ? to ?.
    right, left
  9. Cyanosis that results from cardiac defects is usually caused by mixture of ? and ? blood.
    oxygenated, unoxygenated
  10. Some cardiac defects are not obvious at birth because systemic and pulmonary pressures are nearly ? at that point.
    equal
  11. The patent ductus arteriosus has a(n) ?-to-? shunt.
    left, right
  12. The ductus arteriosus should be totally closed within the ? of life.
    first weeks
  13. Thickening or restriction of the valve from the right ventricle is known as ?.
    pulmonary stenosis
  14. Defects that obstruct outflow from ventricles tend to cause increased ?, which may lead to ?.
    afterload, congestive heart failure
  15. Narrowing of the great vessel leading to the systemic circulation is known as ?.
    coarctation of the aorta
  16. Associated with dyspnea when feeding




    C. left heart failure
  17. Likely associated with an infectious etiology and an autoimmune response




    C) a. Kawasaki disease
  18. Vasculitis associated with aneurysm




    A) a. Kawasaki disease
  19. If mild, often self-correcting
    a. Kawasaki disease
    b. VSD
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
    d. transposition of the great vessels
    e. left heart failure
    b. VSD
  20. Blue spells
    a. Kawasaki disease
    b. VSD
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
    d. transposition of the great vessels
    e. left heart failure
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
  21. ASD, overriding aorta, pulmonic stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy
    a. Kawasaki disease
    b. VSD
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
    d. transposition of the great vessels
    e. left heart failure
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
  22. Common complication of congenital heart defects
    a. Kawasaki disease
    b. VSD
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
    d. transposition of the great vessels
    e. left heart failure
    e. left heart failure
  23. Immediate cyanosis and distress after birth
    a. Kawasaki disease
    b. VSD
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
    d. transposition of the great vessels
    e. left heart failure
    d. transposition of the great vessels
  24. Two separate circulatory systems
    a. Kawasaki disease
    b. VSD
    c. tetralogy of Fallot
    d. transposition of the great vessels
    e. left heart failure
    d. transposition of the great vessels
  25. May be associated with coronary thrombosis




    E) a. Kawasaki disease
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137391
Card Set
24 Study Guide
Description
Alterations of Cardiovascular Function in Children
Updated