18 Study Guide

  1. Which laboratory values would be expected in an individual with SIADH?

    A. serum sodium = 120 mEq/L and urine hypoosmolality
  2. Hypopituitarism in an adult male likely includes all of the following except:

    C. dwarfism.
  3. Excessive secretion of GH in an adult may cause:

    B. acromegaly.
  4. A manifestation shared by both diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus is:

    C. polyuria.
  5. The manifestations of hyperthyroidism include all of the following except:

    E. constipation.
  6. Hypothyroidism crisis is:

    E. myxedema coma.
  7. Graves disease is:

    D. All of the above are correct.
  8. Inadequate levels of thyroid hormones at birth may cause:

    A. mental retardation.
  9. Hyperparathyroidism causes:

    D. increased osteoclastic activity.
  10. A manifestation of hypocalcemia is:

    E. tetany.
  11. What is the most common cause of acromegaly?

    B. anterior pituitary adenoma
  12. If a 19-year-old woman were suffering from shortness of breath, weight loss, excessive sweating, exophthalmos, and irritability, which hormone would you expect to find elevated in her serum?

    A. thyroxine
  13. A 24-year-old female with a history of "juvenile onset" diabetes is found in a stuporous state. She is hypotensive and has cold, clammy skin. What is the likely etiology of her condition?

    C. insulin shock
  14. A 10-year-old male was brought into the emergency room comatose, suffering from metabolic acidosis with a blood glucose level of 800 mg/dl. The most probably disease causing his condition is:

    B. type 1 diabetes mellitus.
  15. Your neighbor, not previously diagnosed as a diabetic, has gained 80 pounds in the last year and is able to produce some insulin. Her fasting blood sugar is always elevated. She is being treated with oral insulin stimulating drugs. Your neighbor is most likely suffering from:

    E. type 2 diabetes mellitus
  16. Common symptoms and signs of diabetes mellitus include all of the following except:

    C. incresed muscle anabolism.
  17. Which laboratory finding is inconsistent with a diagnosis of absolute insulin deficiency?

    A. FBS (fasting blood sugar) of 90 mg/dl
  18. Common complications of diabetes mellitus include all of the following except:

    E. All of the above are common.
  19. An individual with type 1 diabetes mellitus experiences hunger, lightheadedness, headache, confusion, and tachycardia while cross-country running. The likely cause of these manifestations is:

    C. hypoglycemia because of running.
  20. Which is/are expected during hyperinsulinism?

    E. Both a and c are correct. (a. excess insulin. c. epinephrine release.)
  21. Long-term corticosteroid therapy may cause (more than one answer may be correct):

    • C. delayed wound healing.
    • b. osteoporosis.
    • c. peptic ulcers.
  22. Which electrolyte alteration occurs in Addison disease?

    C. hyponatremia
  23. A benign tumor of adrenal glands that causes hypersecretion of aldosterone is:

    C. Conn disease
  24. Hypersecretion of aldosterone

    E. hypernatremia
  25. Hypersecretion of glucocorticoids
    a. decreased cardiac output
    b. hyperglycemia or osteoporosis
    c. BMR (basal metabolic rate) increases
    d. hypernatremia
    e. hyponatremia
    b. hyperglycemia or osteoporosis
Card Set
18 Study Guide
Alterations of Hormonal Regulation