17 Study Guide

  1. Organs that respond to a particular hormone are called:




    A. target organs.
  2. A major feature of the "plasma membrane receptor" mechanism of hormonal action is:




    E. Both a and c are correct. (a. action of cyclic AMP. c. requirement of a second messenger.)
  3. A major feature of the "activation of genes" mechanism of hormonal action is:




    C. the hormone enters the cell.
  4. A hormone having an antidiuretic effect similar to that of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is:




    E. oxytocin.
  5. The hypothalamus controls the adenohypophysis by direct involvement of:




    D. regulating hormones.
  6. Hormones convey regulatory information by:




    E. All of the above are correct.
  7. If calcium levels in the blood were too high, thyrocalcitonin (calcitonin) concentrations in the blood should:




    C. increase, thereby inhibiting osteoclasts.
  8. In the negative feedback mechanism controlling thyroid hormone secretion, which is the nonregulatory hormone?



    C. thyroxine
  9. The control of parathyroid hormone is most accurately described as:




    D. negative feedback not involving the pituitary.
  10. Mineralocorticoids




    E. conserves sodium
  11. Glucocorticoids
    a. blood cell formation
    b. antiinflammatory
    c. conserves sodium
    d. usually no function
    e. bone mineralization
    b. antiinflammatory
  12. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system begins to function when renin is secreted by the:




    D. kidneys
  13. The effects of adrenal medullary hormones and the effects of sympathetic stimulation can be described as:




    C. overlapping in some respects.
  14. Which best describes the respective effects of insulin and glucagon on blood sugar?




    C. Insulin lowers blood sugar; glucagon raises it.
  15. The releasing hormones produced in the hypothalamus travel to the anterior pituitary via the:



    B. hypophysial portal system.
  16. Which anabolic hormone increase muscle protein synthesis?



    C. insulin
  17. Aldosterone maintains electrolyte balance by:




    E. None of the above is correct.
  18. ACTH




    B. adrenal cortex
  19. TSH
    a. mammary glands
    b. adrenal cortex
    c. adrenal medulla
    d. thyroid gland
    e. adenohypophysis
    d. thyroid gland
  20. TRF
    a. mammary glands
    b. adrenal cortex
    c. adrenal medulla
    d. thyroid gland
    e. adenohypophysis
    e. adenohypophysis
  21. Prolactin
    a. mammary glands
    b. adrenal cortex
    c. adrenal medulla
    d. thyroid gland
    e. adenohypophysis
    a. mammary glands
  22. Epinephrine





    E. cause(s) fight-or-flight response
  23. Glucocorticoids
    a. influence(s) inflammatory response
    b. inhibit(s) growth
    c. cause(s) fight-or-flight response
    d. control(s) Na+, H+, and K+ levels
    e. act(s) as minor sex hormones
    f. stimulate(s) skin pigmentation
    a. influence(s) inflammatory response
  24. Mineralocorticoids
    a. influence(s) inflammatory response
    b. inhibit(s) growth
    c. cause(s) fight-or-flight response
    d. control(s) Na+, H+, and K+ levels
    e. act(s) as minor sex hormones
    f. stimulate(s) skin pigmentation
    d. control(s) Na+, H+, and K+ levels
  25. Gonadocorticoids
    a. influence(s) inflammatory response
    b. inhibit(s) growth
    c. cause(s) fight-or-flight response
    d. control(s) Na+, H+, and K+ levels
    e. act(s) as minor sex hormones
    f. stimulate(s) skin pigmentation
    e. act(s) as minor sex hormones
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137384
Card Set
17 Study Guide
Description
Mechanisms of Hormonal Regulation
Updated