16 Study Guide

  1. T/F
    An 11-month-old infant who displays a strong asymmetric tonic neck is probably just "slow" in development and should be assumed to have normal neurologic functions.
    False
  2. T/F
    Ninety percent of neural tube defects are anencephaly.
    False
  3. T/F
    Anencephaly is the result of premature closure of the sutures of the skull.
    False
  4. T/F
    Environmental influences play an important role in neural tube defects.
    True
  5. T/F
    Encephalocele is the result of herniation of the brain and meninges through a defect of the lower vertebrae.
    False
  6. T/F
    Neurologic function at birth is chiefly at the subcortical level.
    True
  7. T/F
    The prognosis for an individual with meningomyelocele depends on the level and extent of the defect.
    True
  8. T/F
    hydrocephaly may be caused by the overproduction of CSF, blockage of CSF flow, or inhibition of reabsorption.
    True
  9. T/F
    Hydrocephaly is almost never a neural tube defect, because such defects usually permit leakage of the CSF out of the defect.
    False
  10. T/F
    Seizure disorders in children are usually static and resolve naturally because the neurons and neuronal pathways are constantly maturing.
    False
  11. T/F
    An obvious "sac" on the back of a newborn should be thoroughly probed and examined to determine where it is attached to underlying structures.
    False
  12. Aspirin administration during a viral illness has been associated with ? syndrome, which is considered to be a(n) ? encephalopathy.
    Reye, hepatic
  13. Early morning vomiting without associated nausea may be indicative of a(n) ? fossa brain tumor.
    posterior
  14. Focal neurologic findings such as ataxia may be associated with a(n) ? fossa brain tumor.
    anterior
  15. A child becoming significantly more ill with symptoms of headache, lethargy, and stiff neck after several days of treatment for otitis media may be showing findings consistent with ?.
    meningitis
  16. ? is a disease associated with premature closure of sutures of the skull.
    Craniosynostosis
  17. May restrict brain growth








    G. craniosynostosis
  18. May result from increased CSF
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
  19. Protrusion of the meninges through a vertebral defect.
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    g. meningocele
  20. May require cesarean section for delivery
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    f. hydrocephaly
  21. Static disease that has changing findings over time
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    e. cerebral palsy
  22. Defect in metabolism of an amino acid with severe neurologic involvement
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    d. PKU
  23. Associated with ingestion of aspirin during upper respiratory infection
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    c. Reye syndrome
  24. Very small head
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    b. microcephaly
  25. Infectious process that may cause profound damage to cranial nerves.
    a. meningitis
    b. microcephaly
    c. Reye syndrome
    d. PKU
    e. cerebral palsy
    f. hydrocephaly
    g. meningocele
    h. congenital hydrocephaly
    i. craniosynostosis
    a. meningitis
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137383
Card Set
16 Study Guide
Description
Alterations of Neurologic Function in Children
Updated