14 Study Guide

  1. Confusion




    A. inability to think clearly
  2. Coma
    a. orientation to person, time, and place
    b. slow vocalization, decreased oculomotor activity
    c. inability to think clearly
    d. vocalization in response to pain stimuli
    e. no arousal
    e. no arousal
  3. Supratentorial processes reduce arousal by:




    B. displacement of the brain stem.
  4. An individual shows flexion in upper extremities and extension in lower extremities. This is:



    C. decorticate posturing.
  5. Cerebral death:



    B. permits normal internal homeostasis.
  6. Precipitating causes of seizure include all of the following except:




    C. hyperglycemia.
  7. Which epileptic seizure is characterized by temporal lobe spikes in the EEG?




    A. psychomotor
  8. Postictal sleeping can be seen in ? seizures.




    C. grand mal
  9. Cortical dementia




    D. inability to remember
  10. Agnosia
    a. inability to understand relationships
    b. inability to verify and correct input
    c. inability to control motor function
    d. inability to recognize sound
    e. inability to remember
    d. inability to recognize sound
  11. Subcortical dementia
    a. inability to understand relationships
    b. inability to verify and correct input
    c. inability to control motor function
    d. inability to recognize sound
    e. inability to remember
    c. inability to control motor function
  12. Alzheimer disease:




    B. is most prevalent as a late-onset dementia.
  13. Dystonia is:



    A. abnormal posture maintained by muscular contractions.
  14. An individual with increased intracranial pressure from a head injury shows small and reactive pupils, widened pulse pressure, and slowed breathing. Which stage of ICP exists?



    A. Stage 3
  15. Infratentorial herniation occurs with:




    C. shifting of the cerebellum.
  16. In cerebral vasogenic edema:



    C. plasma proteins leak into extracellular spaces.
  17. Which statement is not true regarding increasing intracranial pressures?




    A. Accumulating CO2 causes vasoconstriction.
  18. Intellectual function is impaired in the dementing process. Which intellectual function is not impaired?




    E. All of the above functions are impaired.
  19. Huntington disease











    J. increased muscle tone
  20. Rigidity
    a. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    b. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    c. absence of spontaneous gestures
    d. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    e. frontal lobe dysfunction
    f. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    g. individual muscles affected
    h. involuntary writing movements
    i. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    j. increased muscle tone
    k. tonic reflex activity
    l. flexed forward leaning
    k. tonic reflex activity
  21. Parkinson disease
    a. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    b. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    c. absence of spontaneous gestures
    d. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    e. frontal lobe dysfunction
    f. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    g. individual muscles affected
    h. involuntary writing movements
    i. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    j. increased muscle tone
    k. tonic reflex activity
    l. flexed forward leaning
    l. flexed forward leaning
  22. Akinesia
    a. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    b. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    c. absence of spontaneous gestures
    d. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    e. frontal lobe dysfunction
    f. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    g. individual muscles affected
    h. involuntary writing movements
    i. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    j. increased muscle tone
    k. tonic reflex activity
    l. flexed forward leaning
    b. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
  23. Senile posture
    a. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    b. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    c. absence of spontaneous gestures
    d. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    e. frontal lobe dysfunction
    f. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    g. individual muscles affected
    h. involuntary writing movements
    i. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    j. increased muscle tone
    k. tonic reflex activity
    l. flexed forward leaning
    e. frontal lobe dysfunction
  24. Dyspraxia
    a. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    b. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    c. absence of spontaneous gestures
    d. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    e. frontal lobe dysfunction
    f. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    g. individual muscles affected
    h. involuntary writing movements
    i. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    j. increased muscle tone
    k. tonic reflex activity
    l. flexed forward leaning
    f. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
  25. Lower motor neuron syndrome
    a. paralysis of both upper and lower extremities
    b. decreased spontaneous and voluntary movements
    c. absence of spontaneous gestures
    d. abnormal posture maintained through muscular contractions
    e. frontal lobe dysfunction
    f. impaired execution of coordinated/complex acts
    g. individual muscles affected
    h. involuntary writing movements
    i. organically caused impairment of intellectual functions
    j. increased muscle tone
    k. tonic reflex activity
    l. flexed forward leaning
    g. individual muscles affected
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137381
Card Set
14 Study Guide
Description
Concepts of Neurologic Dysfunction
Updated