05 Study Guide

  1. Inflammation:




    E. All of the above are correct.
  2. Inflammatory microcirculation changes involve all of the following except:



    C. days to develop.
  3. A phagocyte's role begins with an inflammatory response. The sequence for phagocytosis is:



    A. margination, diapedesis, recognition, adherence, ingestion, fusion with lysosomes inside the phagocyte, destruction of the target.
  4. Chemotactic factors for phagocytes include all of the following except:




    A. steptolysins.
  5. Which is not a local manifestation of inflammation?




    D. leukocytosis
  6. Complement is:



    D. a series of proteins in the blood.
  7. Diapedesis is a process in which:



    C. neutrophils migrate from the blood stream to an injured tissue site.
  8. Interferon:




    A. prevents viruses from infecting healthy host cells.
  9. The complement system can be activated by:




    E. a, b, and c are correct. (a. the binding of complement 1 to a complement-binding site of an antibody. b. components of other plasma protein systems. c. the binding of complement 3 to bacteria.)
  10. Which is not a systemic manifestation of inflammation?



    A. exudation
  11. The inflammatory response:



    C. minimizes injury and promotes healing.
  12. Scar tissue is:



    A. nonfunctional collagenous and fibrotic tissue.
  13. Repair involves processes that:




    E. a, b, and c are correct. (a. fill the wound. b. cover or seal the wound. c. shrink the wound.)
  14. Swelling during acute inflammation is caused by:




    A. fluid and cellular exudation.
  15. Which is not released from mast cells during degranulation?



    C. complement
  16. Chronic inflammation is characterized by:




    D. lymphocytic and macrophagic infiltration.
  17. Which is synthesized by mast cells?




    C. leukotrienes
  18. Primary intention healing:




    E. a, b, and c are correct. (a. involves collagen synthesis. b. requires little wound contraction. c. requires little wound epithelialization.)
  19. Interleukins:




    E. All of the above are correct.
  20. Eosinophils:




    E. Both b and c are correct. ( b. control the vascular effects of serotonin and histamine by lysosomal mediators. c. have a lysosomal protein that can dissolve the surface membranes of parasites.)
  21. Resolution







    F. return to original structure and physiologic function
  22. Bradykinin
    a. increases the phagocytic activity of macrophages
    b. return to original structure and physiologic function
    c. inhibit macrophage migration from the inflamed area
    d. increases vascular permeability
    e. contains new capillaries, fibroblasts, and macrophages
    f. is avascular
    g. inhibits production of proinflammatory cytokines
    h. proliferates antigen-specific clones of B and T cells
    d. increases vascular permeability
  23. Granulation tissue
    a. increases the phagocytic activity of macrophages
    b. return to original structure and physiologic function
    c. inhibit macrophage migration from the inflamed area
    d. increases vascular permeability
    e. contains new capillaries, fibroblasts, and macrophages
    f. is avascular
    g . inhibits production of proinflammatory cytokines
    h. proliferates antigen-specific clones of B and T cells
    e. contains new capillaries, fibroblasts, and macrophages
  24. IL-10
    a. increases the phagocytic activity of macrophages
    b. return to original structure and physiologic function
    c. inhibit macrophage migration from the inflamed area
    d. increases vascular permeability
    e. contains new capillaries, fibroblasts, and macrophages
    f. is avascular
    g. inhibits production of proinflammatory cytokines
    h. proliferates antigen-specific clones of B and T cells
    c. inhibit macrophage migration from the inflamed area
  25. Scar
    a. increases the phagocytic activity of macrophages
    b. return to original structure and physiologic function
    c. inhibit macrophage migration from the inflamed area
    d. increases vascular permeability
    e. contains new capillaries, fibroblasts, and macrophages
    f. is avascular
    g. inhibits production of proinflammatory cytokines
    h. proliferates antigen-specific clones of B and T cells
    f. is avascular
Author
NursyDaisy
ID
137372
Card Set
05 Study Guide
Description
Innate Defenses: Inflammation
Updated