Messages, Meaning, Culture Test 2

  1. Dillard
    • Article: microscope and binoculars
    • sometimes we put on lenses, sometimes we inherit them
  2. The Importance of Lenses
    • we need multiple
    • help us see some things and prevent us from seeing other things
    • all lenses inform and deform
    • life is larger than what one lense provides
  3. Doubting and Believing game
    • Doubt: look for errors, find fault
    • Believe: clarify, find truth
    • must play the believing game first
  4. Lurie
    • communication lens on clothing
    • clothing is signs, vocab, can be analyzed
  5. Objective Approach
    Glenn: truth is singular, statistical, empirical, unbiased sensory observation, cause-and-effect
  6. Interpretive
    Marty: multiple truths can be accurate, assigning meaning and value to communicative texts
  7. Chapter 2 Identification
    we are more likely to listen to and accept knowledge from people/things we find attractive
  8. Source Credibility
    If you trust the source, you are more likely to trust what they say
  9. Seven Axioms
    • Dynamic
    • Symbolic
    • Irreversible
    • Unavoidable
    • Contextual
    • Constructive
    • Multi-Leveled
  10. Dynamic
    • "what is is ising" "you can't step into the same river twice" -HERACLITUS
    • existence changes in subtle or noticeable ways, nothing can be repeated the exact same way
  11. Symbolic
    • "word does not mean word"
    • meanings reside in people, and not words themselves
  12. Unavoidable
    • All you can do to a comm act is another comm act
    • you can only add, alter, or interpret, but you can't take away
  13. Contextual
    Hey Jerk can get you a fight or a kiss
  14. Constructive
    • "Increase means Decrease"
    • increase one area = decrease in another
    • every word chosen is lots of words not chosen
    • forms of comm: something gained and something lost
  15. Multi-Leveled
    • six for the price of two BARNLUND
    • handout of six ways of conversation
  16. Dramatism Defintion
    • Life is drama
    • We are symbol makers
    • words are symbolic acts that lock in emotions
    • use/misuse words
  17. Iron Law Of History
    Order, Guilt, Victimage (Scapegoating, Mortification), Redemption
  18. God Term
    The most positive word to describe something: any other word is subservient
  19. Devil Term
    the most negative word possible to describe a thing
  20. Dramatism Identification
    The recognized common ground between speaker and audience
  21. Consubstantiation
    in an attempt to identify with each other we aren’t becoming each other actually but we are becoming like them
  22. Symbolic Presence
    to know that consubstantiation has occurred
  23. Dramatistic Pentad
    tool to analyze how a speaker tries to get the audience to accept their view of reality: act, scene, agent, agency, purpose
  24. Darnton
    Cat Massacre
  25. Characteristics of Systems Theory
    • Interdependence
    • Openness (closed off systems die)
    • Self-Regulation: pursue life sustaining, deal with life-threatening, systems resist change
  26. Four Axioms of Systems Theory
    • One cannot not communication: every act is saying something, including silence; Symptom Strategy: ascribing our silence to something beyond our control
    • Communication=Content(what is said)+Relationship(how it's said)
    • Nature of relationship depends on how both parties punctuate: punctuation: identifying one event as cause and one event as response
    • Comm is either symmetrical (power seeking) or complimentary (acknowledging/accepting power differences)
  27. Rules
    • Level I: stated and agreed
    • Level II: unstated but agreed
    • Level III: unstated and rejected
  28. Roles
    repeated patterns of behavior
  29. Systems Suction
    you get sucked into roles you consistently play
  30. Systems Interface
    having two different roles from different systems collide
  31. Setting Context
    when you study context, it just becomes text
  32. Rules and Complexity
    • rules changes, principles don't
    • cultural rules are learned, arbitrary, symbolic
    • Grammar Rules, Traffic Rules
  33. Stanley Haverwaus
    Resident Aliens: Christians' home is heaven, so they have a hard time fitting into this world
  34. Predictability
    because of our complex rules, we are predictable
  35. Enculturation
    go to another culture helps us understand and recognize our own social rules
  36. Communication Accomodation Theory
    • Convergence: we desire to be liked, we act like the person
    • Divergence: we desire to stand out, we try to not act like the person
  37. CAT statements that polarize
    • everything young/new is better
    • health/strength
    • older is out of touch
    • younger hasn't been around
    • self-disclosure
  38. CAT factors that influence initial orientation
    • Collectivistic Cultural Context (I v WE)
    • Distressing History of Interaction (Negative>Group;Positive->Individual)
    • Stereotypes (more specific/negative lead to divergence)
    • Norms for treatment of groups (based on norms, we see people as either part of a group or as an individual)
    • High Group Solidarity (the more you rely on a group the more you associate with them)
  39. Proxemics
    • 0-18" Intimate
    • 18"-4' Personal
    • 4'-10' Social
    • 10'+ Public
    • Edward Hall
  40. Haptics
  41. Chronemics
    how do time constraints influence communication
  42. Iconics
    which visual stimuli are constructed to send a message/are they successful
  43. Paralanguage
    How do tone, voice, and turn-taking influence communication events
  44. EVT violation valence
    people act out of our expectancies, we attribute a negative or positive association to it
  45. Communicator Reward Valence
    more likely to associate violations as positive if the person has the power to reward/punish us
  46. Rhetorical
    • 1. Immediate:
    • this class right now

    • 2. Local:
    • Santa Barbara, Westmont

    • 3. Cultural:
    • the Church, US, teenage, California

    • 4. Historical:
    • people have talked about this beforehand
Card Set
Messages, Meaning, Culture Test 2
comm test 2 flashcards