Chinese Women Writers

  1. Li Ye: Poet and Traitor
    Life: executed for treason after writing flattering poem to rebel leader who was temporarily in power

    Works: Poetic exchange with local scholars/officials. As child poem about roses convinces her father she will be talented but fallen woman
  2. Xue Tao: courtesan and collator
    Life: government owned entertainer. given government post: collator,

    Works: poetry, letter-making, calligraphy, famous for making red paper. Interacted with high-level officials, poems of apology to her patrons, poems about seperation, poems about spring prospects.
  3. Yu Xuanji Concubine, Daoist Nun, murderer
    Life: 15yrs old became concubine, becomes a nun, but still entertains men, becomes convinverd her maid slept sith one of her clients and kills her.

    Poetry: known for good couplets, wrote poems advertising herself, and sympathising with jealousy of male scholars.
  4. Li Qingzhao: The first established literata
    Life: from educated family; life of luxury; husband leaves post to mourn, becomes ill and dies on way to new post. she travels with exiled court, gradually losing everything she owns; 2nd marriaga a disaster and short-lived

    Works: Criticism - "On Lyrics," wrote lyrics, postface to inscriptions on bronze and stone - autobiographical information, danger of collecting earthly things.
  5. Wang Fajin - Daoist Mystics
    When sichuan was beset by famine went to the dwelling place of the gods and brought the proper method for the Pure feast for the lord of heaven
  6. Wang Fazhi - Popular Religeon
    • Inhabited by Male diety
    • when posessed discussed classics and poetry
    • lotus flower- and the failure to pick it
  7. Niu Yingshen - Dream Counverser
    able to discuss scholarly topics in her dreams

    Writing: rhapsody on the questioning of shadow pneumbra. Ate scrolls and would write in new style
  8. Miao Zong - Buddhist
    Life: previously married

    Writing: commentary on buddhist stories, uses traditional imagery from Buddhist and Daoist sources
  9. Zhitong Weijia - Buddhist
    Life: deciple of sixin Weixin, left husband and lived with parents, became a nun when they died

    Preaching: uses every-day activity; only you cna achieve your enlightenment; tries to be provocotive
  10. Wen Wan - courtesan, poet, and philosopher
    Life: daughter of courtesan, existance in doubt, eventually both she and her mother leave courtesan life.

    Writings: commentary on Mencius, Poetry, fairly traditional speaks about dissastisfacion with life of a courtesan, calls attention to her own talent.
  11. Smartass Wang
    Likely author of Aria "Sent to my loved one" life and work both about courtesan kept from marrying her love by greedy madam, almost taken by merchand, but lover comes and rescues in the end.
  12. Royal Concubine Ban
    Life: Concubine to emperor; displaced by younger women, history recorded by great-nephew. From scholarly family, very loyal, smart and moral. Accused of black magic, but able to defend herself

    Works: Shi poetry 5 syllables, Fu Rhapsody - rhymed prose, no regular meter. compared herself to a fan. Relationship to women of the past, serves as moral exemplar to later generations
  13. Wang Zhaojun - Bansihed Lady
    Life: Palace lady, never in presence of emperor until about to be given to foreigner in politica marriage

    Work: criticism of corruption, bribery of royal painters, concubine who remains loyal, representative of unrecognized (male) talent
  14. Zhuo Wenjun - Eloping widow
    Life: wife of famous poet Sima Xiangyu, lost first husband early, elopes with Sima despite father's objections, ran out of money, buys wine shop, father helps, happy ending. Represents woman who supports talented man despite objections.

    Work: White hair lement, begging husband not to take a concubine
  15. Ban Zhao - Moralist
    Life: high-class, educated, writer, teacher, advisor. tought empress Dowager Dang, tutored MaRong - tought how to read the Bookd of Han. Encourages Empress dowager to allow her brothers to leave the capital

    Writings: Books of the Han, continuation of her brother's work, historical writings, the first dynastic history. Rhapsody on a journey to the East - accompanying son to official post, hardships/missing home. Message to her son being moral is more important that worldly success - historical references. Precepts for my Daughters - about being subserviant to your husband
  16. Cai Yan - Abducted Woman
    Life: Abducted got to return home, but had to leave her children behind

    Works: Wrote books from memory, poems (likely attributed). Long poem, more specific most likey to ber her, shorter poem on female honor. "eighteen stanzas for the Barbarian Reed Pipe"
  17. Xie Daoyun - Poet of the Single Line
    Life: wife of devout daoist, does not make proper preperations against rebellion and killed. She saves herself and her son. Exemplory widow: never remarries

    Writing: Single line response to father's question "Oh no! to willow floss drifting in the wind." Poem on a pine tree: unable to reach aspirations
  18. Lady Chen - Aristocrat
    Life: wife of renowned author Liuzhen

    Writings: Hymn of the pepper blossom - presented to the court at the New Year celebration. Letter to sister about elegy to their father. Opens with praise then moves to criticism: Daoists over quoted
  19. Liu Lingxian - different voices
    Life: wofe of Xu Fei, literary family

    Writings: Concubine Ban's Resentment - palace-style poetry; personal poems, responses to her husband, denying his praise of her beauty; Eulogy for her husband - deferred to by her father in law, a famous poet, balance between public evaluation and private feelings. - able to write in different voices
  20. Zisheng - Buddhist nun
    • Exceptionsl memory, easily memorizes sutras
    • Wrote commentaries on sutras
    • when she died a "Fu" appeared on her chest
  21. Nizi - Buddhist Nun
    revealed new sutras, revealed to her through meditation. Dictated rather than wrote
  22. Wei Huacun - Daoist Mystic
    • Well versed in many forms of thought
    • after sons died, retired from society, shed mortal form
    • as an immortal, visited mystics and revealed truths
  23. Princess Yuzhen - Daoist Mystic
    Daughter of Emperor Ruizong

    Wrote "Classic of Soaring and Flying Spirits" on how to visualize and summon immortal Jade Maidens
Card Set
Chinese Women Writers
Classical Chinese Women Writers