What is articular cartilage?
Thin layer of pearly white cartilage the surrounds the ends of bones at the joint.
What is a subluxation?
An incomplete dislocation of a joint.
What is a strain?
Is a stretching or tearing of the muscle, causing pain, swelling, and bruising of the soft tissues in the area.
What is a sprain?
Is an injury to ligaments, articular capsule synovial membrane, and tendons crossing the joint.
What are the forces that usually cause fractures?
1. Direct blows
2. Indirect forces
3. Twisting forces
4. High-energy injury
What are the different types of fractures?
What are the six "P's" of musculoskeletal assessment?
3. Paresthesias (numbness or tingling)
5. Palor (pale or delayed capillary refill in children)
When should you not use a traction splint?
When there is an obvious injury of the knee, ankle, foot, or lower leg.