Tui Na

  1. What are other terms used for "Tui Na"?
    • An Qiao
    • An Fu
    • An Mo
  2. What is the earliest medical reference describing Tui Na?
    52 Bing Fang
  3. What book first mentions the therapeutic principles of Tui Na?
    Huang Di Nei Jing
  4. In which dynasty was Tui Na practitioners graded in different degrees such as doctor, technician and manipulator?
    Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.)
  5. Around what period was Tui Na / An Mo spread to Japan, Korea, and India?
    Tang Dynasty (618-917 A.D.)
  6. What period what An Mo used in child delivery?
    Song Dynasty
  7. The "Golden Mirror of Medicine" (Yizong Jinjian) was published in which dynasty?
    Ming and Qing Dynasties
  8. What are the 3 common characteristics that all massage schools share?
    • 1. Long history and popularized within specified regions
    • 2. A respective theoretical guidance, substantial practical experience, expert indication circles, special training exercises and methods
    • 3. Each school has its own special manipulations, also called "chief manipulations" or "school manipulations", and several or dozens of auxiliary manipulations as well
  9. What can you tell me about One-finger Meditation?
    • Shoulder relaxed
    • Drop elbow
    • Hang Wrist
    • Tip of thumb is used (LU-11 can also be used instead of tip of thumb ) - Thumb flexes and extends at the interphalangeal joint
    • Frequency is 120-160 times per minute
    • This technique can be applied in all part of the body (channels, collaterals, points)
    • Indications: headache, vertigo, insomnia, hypertension, menstrual problems, stomachache, diarrhea, constipation, motor systems, cervical spondylopathy, lumbar
  10. Which region are the manipulations lucid and vigorous?
    Northern China
  11. Which region are the manipulations exquisite and gentle?
    Southern China
  12. What can you tell me about Rolling manipulation?
    • Lower the shoulder
    • Drop elbow
    • Wrist / Hand - Flexes and supinates / Extends and pronates
    • Elbow - extends / flexes respective to Wrist / Hand
    • Frequency is 120-160 times per minute
    • Can be perfomed in all points except craniofacial, anterior cervical, thoracoabdominal regions
    • Most suitable for lumbodorsal, lumbobuttock and thick muscle regions of the limbs
    • Can dredge channel, expel EPF wind, cold, damp
    • Promote circulation / remove blood stasis
    • Relieving spasm, pain, relaxing adhesions, paralysis, lubricating joints
    • Good at treating diseases of motor and nerve systems
  13. What can you tell me about Kneading manipulation?
    • Frequency is 100-160 times per minute
    • Major Thenar: craniofacial, thoracoabdominal regions, swelling / aching of limbs caused by acute contusion / sprain
    • Heel of palm: lumbodorsal, buttock, and thick muscle regions
    • Finger: anywhere
    • Elbow: deep tissue layers
    • General Indications: headache, dizziness, insomnia, facial paralysis, fullness and pain in the epigastrium, oppressed feeling in the chest, pain in hypochondrium, constipation, diarrhea, lumbodorsal
  14. What are the seven steps of learning Tui Na?
    • 1. Standardization of stance / shape / posture
    • 2. Endurance
    • 3. Strength
    • 4. Evenness / consistency
    • 5. Softness
    • 6. Penetration
    • 7. Effectiveness / Result
  15. What can you tell me about Rubbing manipulation?
    • Frequency is 100-120 circles per minute
    • Chest, hypocohondrium, epigastric region
    • Relieve depressed liver and regulate qi circulation, warm the middle jiao, regulate the stomach, invigorate spleen, promote digestion and remove stagnant food
    • "Slow rubbing is used to invigorate, quick rubbing to purge"
    • Clockwise rubbing on abdomen = reduction
    • Counter-clockwise rubbing on abdomen = tonification
  16. What can you tell me about Flat-pushing manipulation?
    • Used to generate heat
    • Uni-directional
    • Frequency is 100 times per minute
    • "warmth and force"
    • Warming and dredging the channel and collaterals, promote qi and blood circulation
    • Thoracodorsal region - relieve chest stuffiness, promote qi circulation, relieve cough and asthma
    • Gastric / lumboabdominal region - invigorate spleen, regulate stomach, relieve depressed liver, regulate qi circulation
    • Lumbosacral / lower abdomen region - invigorate loins and strengthen kidneys
  17. What can you tell me about Scrubbing manipulation?
    • Used to generate heat
    • Bi-directional (back and forth)
    • Maximun 10 times
    • Chest and back, abdominal
    • Minor thenar - Ba Liao region (8 sacral foramen), Jia Ji (extra points), Sacrospinal muscles
    • Relieve chest stuffiness, regulate qi circulation, warm channel, alleviate pain
    • Expel EPF wind, cold, damp
  18. What causes syncopy? How to remedy?
    • Weak constitution
    • Nervousness
    • Hypersensitive to pain
    • Hunger
    • Heavy manipulation can trigger
    • To remedy have patient lay down and massage PC-6 with thumbs
    • Call 911 if necessary
  19. What are contraindications for Tui Na?
    • TB
    • Pus filled organisms
    • Cancer
    • Dermatitis, bruises, scalds
    • Dislocations
    • Site of bleeding
    • Pregnant / menstrating women in the abdomen and lumbosacral regions
    • Syncopy / After strenuous exercise
  20. Which manipulation can achieve an acupuncture effect?
    • Pressing - "with the finger instead of needle"
    • can also "treat pain with pain"
  21. What can you tell me about Pressing manipulation?
    • Involves the deep tissue layers
    • Can be used on all points of the body
    • Indications: relieve spasms and pain, revive conciousness, relax muscles and tendons and promoting circulation, relieve arthralgia, remove obstruction in the channels, headache, insomnia, epigastralgia, numbness of limbs, aching, paralysis, etc.
  22. What is the purpose of the "Exercise as the Basic Training of Tui Na"?
    • 1. Improve the health and an overall development of the constitution of the practitioners, including the deveoplment of strength, sensitivity and flexibility.
    • 2. Improve the structural and functional status of the local manipulating parts of the organs
    • 3. Gradually improve and finally unify the adjusting functions of the nerve and endocrine system, the coordination and mutual support between hand manipulation and the internal organs
    • 4. Cultivate zheng qi of the patient or practitioner
    • 5. Prevent the professional injury from Tui Na
    • 6. Help to achieve the seven steps of learning Tui Na
  23. What can you tell me about Rotating Manipulation?
    • Works on all major moving joints of the body
    • Lubricates joints, releases adhesions, relax muscles and tendons, relieve spasms, strengthen and renew articular moving ability
  24. What can you tell me about Pinching Manipulation?
    • Commonly applied to the region bilateral to spine
    • Promotes digestion, eliminates stagnation, strengthen spleen and stomach to dissipate dampness and promote qi circulation to activate blood
    • Epigastric distention and fullness, indigestion, anorexia and chronic diarrhea
  25. Which manipulations are used primarily at the end of treatment?
    • Foulage
    • Shaking
  26. What can you tell me about Hold-Twisting Manipulation?
    • Primarily applied to small joints of fingers and toes
    • Lubricates joints, subdue swelling, alleviate pain, relax muscles and tendons to promote blood circulation
    • Treats aching pain, swelling, invonvenient flexing / stretching, sprains of finger and toe joints
  27. What can you tell me about Wiping Manipulation?
    • Frequency: 100-120 per minute
    • Force should be moderate
    • Mainly applied to: head, face, five sense organs, neck
    • Revives conciousnes, calms mind, improve vision, alleviate pain, relax muscles and tendons to promote blood circulation
    • Headaches, dizziness, facial paralysis, myopia, pain and stiffness of neck
  28. What can you tell me about Sweeping Manipulation?
    • Thumb on Tai Yang Xue (EX-HN 5), the other four fingers "sweep" with the thumb as the pivot points
    • Calms the Liver Yang, dispel wind and relieve pain, warm meridians and dispel Cold, calm mind, revive conciousness
    • Headache, vertigo, hypertension, insomnia, poor memory and common cold
  29. What can you tell me about Vibrating Manipulation?
    • Frequency: 8-12 times per second
    • Calm vibrations: upper limb keeps steady
    • Undulating vibration: regular and rhythmic pressing
    • Applied to all points of the body, esp craniofacial and thoracoabdominal region
    • Calm mind, inprove vision / intelligence, warm middle jiao and regulate qi flow, promote digestion and remove stagnated food, regulate peristalsis
    • Insomnia, amnesia, anxiety, vegetative nerves, GI issues, tension of atheletes before match
  30. What can you tell me about Foulage Manipulation?
    • For the upper limbs and costal region; waist and lower limbs
    • Regulates qi, blood and tissues, relax muscles and tendons and remove channel obstruction
  31. What can you tell me about Traction and Counter-Traction Manipulation?
    • Force should be moderate
    • Traction - pulling and extending; fixing on ed of the joint / limb / body and pulling and drawing the other end
    • Counter-Traction - pulling and extending in the other direction
    • Neck, lumbar, shoulder, wrist, interphalangeal joints
    • Malposition of joints, injury of tendons, reducing sprained muscle, tendons and displaced joints
  32. What can you tell me about Pulling Manipulation?
    Applied to all moving joints esp neck, lumbar, four limbs
Card Set
Tui Na
Tui Na