1. What bones for the knee joint?
    Tibial condyles articulating with femoral condyles of the femur.
  2. articular surface medial condyle
    • oval in outline
    • concave in all directions
    • lateral border projects upwards as the medial intercondylar tubercle
  3. articular surface of the lateral condyle
    • circular in outline
    • concave from side to side but convex from front to back
    • medial border extends upwards as the lateral intercondylar tubercle
  4. intercondylar area
    • separates the tibial articular surfaces
    • the horns of the menisci and cruciate ligaments are attached herem.
  5. intercondylar eminence
    raised area in the middle of the intercondylar area
  6. proximal tibiofibular joint
    formed by inferior surface of LAT condyle articulates with the head of the fibula
  7. tibial tuberosity
    upper end of ANT border of shaft. For attachemnt of the patellar ligament which is the tendon of insertion of the quadriceps
  8. What is subcutaneous throughout the shaft?
    shin (anterior surface) and smooth medial surface
  9. interosseous membrane
    stretches between the interosseous borders of the tibia and fibula
  10. What makes up the ankle joint?
    ankle mortise and trochlea of the body of the talus
  11. what makes up the ankle mortise
    • inferior articular surface of tibia
    • medial and lateral malleolus
  12. inferior articular surface of tibia
    articulates with the upper surface of the trochlea of the talus. Concave from front to bakc and slightly convex from side to side. Medialy it is continuous with the MED malleolus.
  13. medial malleolus
    medial surface is subcutaneous and lateral surface has a comma shaped facet that articulates with the MED side of the trochlea of the talus
  14. fibular notch
    lateral surface of tibia bound by ligaments tot he lower end of the fubula to form the distal tibiofibular joint
  15. head of fibula
    upper surface articulates with the lateral condyle of the tibia at the proximal tibiofibular joint
  16. apex of fibula
    projects upward from the fibular head
  17. Neck of fibula
    crossed by the common fibular nerve which can be rolled against the bone
  18. Lateral malleolus
    • bound to the tibia by the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis
    • Lateral surface is subcutaneous. Medial surface has a triangular facet that articulates with the lateral surface of the trochlea of the talus
  19. Anterior crural muscle features
    • dorsiflexors, (ANT to transverse axis), EXT toes
    • bound by LAT surface of tibia and ANT crural septum
    • Deep fibular nerve
    • anterior tibial artery
  20. What are the anterior crural muscles
    Anterior tibialis, Extensor hallucis long, extensor digitorum longus, fibularis tertius
  21. Lateral crural muscle features
    • bound by crural intermuscula septa
    • Everts and PF foot
    • Superficial fibular nerve
    • fibular artery (branch of posterior tibial artery)
  22. What are the lateral crural muscles
    fibularis longis, fibularis brevis
  23. What are the posterior crural muscles
    • Superficial - Gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris,
    • Deep - popliteus, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior
  24. Posterior crural muscles general features
    • PF and INV of foot, FLEX of toes
    • Tibial nerve
    • posterior tibial artery
  25. Tibial nerve pathway
    back of the thigh--> middle of the popliteal fossa-->between the 2 heads of the gastrocnemius and deep to soleus. Descends w/ the POST tibial vessels between the superficial & deep groups of muscles lying on the TIB POST. --> between the MED maleolus and tendo calcaneus ends under the flexor retinaculum
  26. What does the tibial nerve divide into?
    medial and LAT plantar nerves
  27. MED sural cutaneous nerve
    arises from the tibial nerve in the popliteal fossa --> combines with lateral sural nerve
  28. LAT sural cutaneous nerve
    branch of the common fibular nerve, joined by the medial sural cutaneous nerve
  29. Sural nerve
    • made by the combination of the Medial and Lateral sural nerves
    • supplies the skin on the posterolateral lower 1/3 of the leg and the LAT side of the foot and little toe
  30. Path of the common fibular nerve
    follows tendon of biceps femoris along LAT side of popliteal fossa. --> around neck of fibula between the fibula and fibularis longus it divides into 2 terminal branches
  31. what are the 2 terminal branches of the
    superficial and deep fibular nerves
  32. lateral sural cutaneous nerve
    • branch of common fibular nerve.
    • supplies the skin on the upper 2/3 of the leg
  33. superficial fibular nerve feature
    between fibularis longus and brevis (innervates these) then becomes cutaneous neve
  34. What does superficial fibular nerve branch into?
    medial and lateral cutaneous branches
  35. Cutaneous supply of the superficial fibular nerve?
    skin on the anterolateral lower 1/3 of leg and dorsum of the foot except the adjacent sides of 1st and 2nd toes
  36. deep fibular nerve
    • in front of the interosseous membrance along the ANT tibial vessels and continues onto the dorsum of the foot.
    • innervates all ANT crural muscles
  37. popliteal artery
    from femoral artery once it passes behind knee through the hiatus of the adductor magnus. to lower border of popletues
  38. what does popliteus divide into?
    ANT and POST tibial arteries
  39. Sural branches of popliteal artery supply?
    superficial group of calf muscles
  40. genicular branches of popliteal
    • anastamose around the knee.
    • 5 branches. MED, LAT, SUP, middle, and MED
  41. ANT Tib artery
    passes between the tibia and fibula above the interoseous membrane to the front of the leg. descend on the interosseous membrane along with deep fibular nerve to foot
  42. What the ANT tibialis artery become?
    dorsalis pedis artery when it crosses the ankle joint
  43. What does ANT tib supply?
    ANT muscles of leg. Recurrent and malleolar branches join the anastomotic networks around the knee and ankle
  44. POST tibial artery
    accompanies the tibial nerve down the calf to the flexor retinaculum where it divides
  45. what does the POST tibial artery divide into?
    Medial and Lateral plantar branches
  46. What does the POST tibial artery supply?
    soleus and the deep muscles of the calf.
  47. Fibular artery
    • largest branch of posterior tibial
    • arises below the popliteus and descneds near the fibula deep to the flexor hallucis longus.
  48. What does the fibular artery supply?
    deep muscles of the calf and fibular (peroneal) muscles)
Card Set
Check out these calves