psych 11-2

  1. Mental age
    the average age at which normal (average) children achieve a particular score
  2. Mild intellectual disability
    the in ability to profit educationally within a regular class with the aid of considerable curriculum modification and supportive service.
  3. Moderate intellectual disability
    Someone with an IQ score in the 36 to 51 range that also has other adaptive behavior problems may be diagnosed with MID. Other symptoms of this disability include problems learning to talk. Some people do experience physical abnormalities, although thisis less common. The longer the symptoms are left untested, the more severe they can become.
  4. Normal Curve
    • •the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes
    • •most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes
  5. Practical intelligence
    includes the ability to select contexts in which you can excel and solve practical problems
  6. Predictive validity
    is the extent to which a score on a scale or test predicts scores on some criterion measure.
  7. Profound intellectual disablility
    Other symptoms of this disability include slow social development in the early stages of life, physical abnormalities that may be present at birth, or problems functioning in day to day life. These will generally be recognized at a very early age, although they may not appear until later for some people.
  8. Reliability
    Ability of a test to provide consistent and stable scores
  9. Savant syndrome
    • •condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill
    • •computation
    • •drawing
  10. Self-fulfilling prophecy
    is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true, by the very terms of the prophecy itself, due to positive feedback between belief and behavior.
  11. Severe intellectual disability
  12. Spilt-half reliability
    divide one test into two parts and compare the scores on each part
  13. Standardization
    defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested “standardization group”
  14. Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
    • •L. M. Terman’s adaptation of the Binet-Simon scale
    • •Terman introduced the I.Q. score
    • •A score of 100 is considered average

    • measures four kinds of mental abilities
    • •Verbal reasoning
    • •Abstract/visual reasoning
    • •Quantitative reasoning
    • •Short-term memory
  15. Test-retest reliability
    give the same test twice and compare scores
  16. Theory of multiple intelligences
    proposed by Howard Gardner in 1983 to explore and articulate various forms or expressions of intelligence available to cognition.
  17. Triarchic theory of intelligence
    posits three types of intelligence

    •Analytical intelligence includes the ability to learn how to do things, solve problems, and acquire new knowledge

    •Creative intelligence includes the ability adjust to new tasks, use new concepts, and respond well in new situations

    •Practical intelligence includes the ability to select contexts in which you can excel and solve practical problems
  18. Validity
    Ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure
  19. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III)
    • •Third Edition is the most commonly used test of intelligence for adults
    • •WAIS-III is divided into to parts, one that focuses on verbal abilities and one that focuses on performance skills
Card Set
psych 11-2