What were Britain's goals in the Congress of Vienna?
What did they get?
- They did not want another large nation, such as France under Napoleon.
- They got the buffer around France, but also they got Malta, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), South Africa. (just fyi Ceylon and ZA came from the Netherlands)
What were Russia's goals in the Congress of Vienna? What did they get?
- They wanted territory in Poland (Grand Duchy of Warsaw)
- They got Finland and Poland
Which monarchs were restored in the Congress of Vienna?
- Louis XVIII to France
- Ferdinand VII to Spain
- Bourbon monarchs in Two Sicilies
- House of Orange in the Netherlands
- House of Savoy in Piedmont-Sardinia
What territories were allocated to what countries to serve as a buffer around France (in the Treaty of Vienna).
- Deutschland got Belgium (taken from the Netherlands)
- Piedmont was strenghtened in the South of France
- Prussia was given territory up to the Rhine river
What did Austria gain in the Congress of Vienna?
They gained Lombardy and Venetia.
What did Sweden lose and gain in the Congress of Vienna?
They lost Finland and gained Norway.
What happened on the island of St. Helena in 1821
What was the Concert of Europe?
It was a meeting of countries to avoid war.
Which nations were in the Quadruple Alliance? What was their goal?
- Austria, Prussia, Russia, Great Britain
- To supress revolutions started by liberals and nationalists
What was the result of Aix-La-Chapelle in 1818?
The occupation army withdrew from France.
Explain the cause of the Congress of Troppau.
In 1820 Spanish troops rebelled against Ferdinand. The Cortez (parliament) had a liberal agenda that eh blocked so they hated him and things went downhill. Spain lost control in the Americas and in Europe.
Explain the results of the Congress of Troppau.
Russia, Austria, and Prussia intervened in Spanish affairs without England to supress the revolt.
What was the major result of the Congress of Verona in 1822?
The Monroe Doctrine prohibited European imperialism in the Americas.
What was the result of teh Congress of Laibach?
Naples put down the Austrian revolt that was occurring.
What were the lasting European effects of the Congress of Vienna? She talked about this alot so it could be an essay...
- No world war until 1914
- No resentment in France unlike Germany after WWI
- Nobody challenged britain and they had no rivals in terms of their colonial territores
- The Poles and Dutch were unhappy about having their territory moved without being asked.
- Nationalism and liberalism were suppressed.
What are the major premises of romanticism?
Romanticism rejects reason, relis on emotion and imagination. It depicts diverse cultures, and emphasizes individualism, nature, and Catholicism (because it's flashy). It looked to the middle ages once again, and Germany was at the forefront.
Name some of this author's works:
- Sorrows of Werther-defies societal conventions
- Faust-bored old man trades soul to devil
Explain why this author is significant:
- He believed in Pantheism
- He was an English poet
- He rejects the clockmaker idea and says that God is everywhere
Explain the signifcance of Philology.
These authors wrote fairy tales such as Brothers Grimm
Name some of this author's works:
Sir Walter Scott
What did Ranke say about history?
He said historians should show, not analyze history. He said that all periods were important because tehy contributed to modern society.
Who was the chaitest romantic author?
What were the English liberals' desires?
- Small government
- Government stays out of economy but provides safety and protection
- Universal suffrage
- Representatives in populated areas
- More rights for the Chartice (English working class)
- Frequent voting
- Secret ballot
Who was the major beneficiary in the Revolutions of 1848? Why?
- The middle class
- In Germany (for example) they got suffrage, more frequent votes, freedom of speech/press, abolition of standing army, right to have public meetings, protection of economy, education for kids.
- Just for the record the liberals and nationalists failed.
How did England excape the Revolutions of 1848?
The growing artisan class agreed with nobles to avoid chaos after the Civil War/War of Roses, and they were benefitting from the thriving economy at the time and they didn't want to screw it up.
What were the achievements of Canning as British secretary?
He was very liberal in his foreign policy (e.g. supporting Greek revolution). He lowered taxes on goods.
What were the achievements of Robert Peel as head of justice and Prime Minister in England?
He changed punishments for crimes and reformed the police (Bobbies). He also repealed the Combination Laws which were against unions, but then the conservatives took away the right to strike.
What was Wellington's major achievement as Prime Minister?
He passed the Catholic Emancipation Act.
Which party was instrumental in passing the Reform Bill of 1832 in England?
What were its effects?
- The Whigs
- It changed the bouroghs to be more fair to more people, and it doubled the size of the electorate. It was good for the middle classes, but the lower classes got no representation.
What was the purpose of the Factory Act of 1833?
It limited child labor and restricted the hours of women and children in factories.
Who was instrumental in abolishing the slave trade and slavery in the colonies?
Who repealed the Corn Laws?
Charles X was very conservaitve. He was replaced by whom?
Louis Phillippe who practiced Laissez Faire economics.