Poetry Words

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  1. alliteration
    repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
  2. allusion
    a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in literature or history
  3. assonance
    repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words
  4. connotation
    what a word suggests beyond its basic definition; a word's overtones of meanings
  5. consonace
    the repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or importsnt words
  6. couplet
    two successive lines, usually in the same meter, linked by rhyme
  7. denotation
    the basic dictionary or definition meaning of a word
  8. imagery
    representation through language of sense experience
  9. irony
    situation, or use of language, involving some incongruity or discrepancy
  10. verbal irony
    figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said
  11. dramatic irony
    device by which the author implies a different meaning from that intended by the speaker in a literary work
  12. situational irony
    a situation in which there is an incongruity between actual circumstances and those that seem to be appropriate or what is anticipated and what actually comes to pass
  13. oxymoron
    a compact paradox in which two successive words seemingly contradict each other
  14. paradox
    a situation or statement containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements, but happens to be true
  15. metaphor
    • a figure of speech in which an implicit comparison is made between two seemingly unlike things. There are four forms
    • 1) both the literal and figurative are name
    • 2) both are implied
    • 3) literal named/ figurative implied
    • 4) literal implied/ figurative named
  16. metonymy
    • a figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience.
    • Two seperate figures: synecdoche- use of part for the whole
    • metonymy: use of somethign closely related to the actual thing meant
  17. personification
    figure of speech in which human attributes are given to objects, animals, or concepts
  18. simile
    a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two seemingly unlike things usign the words like, as, seems, resembles, than, similar to
  19. symbol
    a figure of speech in which something means more than what it is (literal and metaphorical)
  20. theme
    central idea of a literary work
  21. tone
    the writer's/ speaker's attitude (feelings) towards a subject, audience, or him/herself; the emotional coloring (meanign) of the work
  22. villanelle
    a nineteen line fixed form consisting of 5 tercets rhymed ABA and a concluding quatrain rhymed ABAA, with lines one and three of the first tercet serving as refrains in an alternating pattern through lines fifteen and repeated as lines eighteen and nineteen
  23. hyperbole
    overstatement; deliberate exaggeration
  24. iamb
    a two-syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable
  25. what are the iambic meters?
    • monometer
    • dimeter
    • trimeter
    • tetrameter
    • pentameter
  26. quatrain
    • a four line stanza
    • a four line division of a sonnet marked off by its rhyme scheme
  27. Rhythm
    any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound
  28. rhyme
    repetion of the accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds in important or importantly positioned words
  29. sestet
    • a six line stanza
    • the last six lines of a sonnet structured on the italian model
  30. sonnet
    a fixed form of fourteen lines, normally iambic pentameter, with a rhyme scheme cnforming to or approximating onne of two main types-- the Italian or the English
  31. stanza
    a group of lines whose metrical pattern and usually rhyme scheme is repeated throughout a poem
  32. onomatopoiea
    the use of words that mimic their meaning in their sound
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Poetry Words
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