Equine Science

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  1. Aids
    The legs, hands,weight and voice, as used in controlling a horse.
  2. Bald Face
    A white marking on the face, including the eyes and the nostrils or a portion thereof.
  3. Balk
    Refusal to go/move.
  4. Banged
  5. Barren
    A mare that is not in foal.
  6. Bars
    Anatomical reference to either 1) the space between the incisors and the molars in the mouth or 2) the angles along the sides of the frog on the bottom of the hoof.
  7. Base Narrow
    Standing with front or rear feet closer together than shoulder or hip width.
  8. Base Wide
    Standing with front of rear feet wider apart than shoulder or hip width.
  9. Bell Boots
    Rubber protective boots that area bell-shaped, fitting over the coronet bands and down on the hoof.
  10. Bishoping
    The practice of artificially altering the teeth of older horses in an attempt to make them appear younger.
  11. Blaze
    A broad white marking covering most of the forehead and running down the face, but not including the eyes and nostrils.
  12. Blemishes
    Abnormalities that do NOT affect the serviceability of the horse.
  13. Blinker
    An attachment to the bridle or hood, designed to restrict the vision of the horse from the sides and rear and to focus the vision forward.
  14. Blister
    An irritant applied as a treatment for unsoundness and blemishes.
  15. Bloom
    Hair that is clean and of healthy texture.
  16. Bolting
    1) Eating too fast. 2) Breaking away from the rider or handler in an out-of-control manner.
  17. Boots
    Protective covering for the legs or feet, generally used when exercising. Some types of boots are used for balance and alteration of gaits.
  18. Bosal
    The braided rawhide or rope noseband of a hackamore.
  19. Bots
    An equine parasite, where the adult is an external parasite and the larval stage is an internal parasite.
  20. Bowlegged
    Standing wider at the knees than the feet.
  21. Brand
    A permanent mark used as a means of identification.
  22. Breaking
    1) An inappropriate change of gait. 2) Training the horse to wear tack and be ridden/driven.
  23. Breezing
    A training workout in racing in which a horse runs at near racing speeds for short distances.
  24. Bridoon
    The correct name for the snaffle bit in the full bridle.
  25. Broodmare
    A mare kept for breeding or reproductive purposes.
  26. Brushing
    Striking the fetlock with the opposite hoof, which can result in either roughing the fetlock hair or in an actual injury.
  27. Bucking
    Springing with a quick leap, arching the back, and descending with the forelegs rigid and the head held as low as possible.
  28. Buck-Kneed
    Standing with the knees too far forward.
  29. Calf-Kneed
    Standing with the knees too far back; directly opposite to buck-kneed or knee-sprung.
  30. Calk (caulk)
    Grips on the bottom of a horseshoe, designed to prevent slipping.
  31. Canter
    A slow, three-beat gait in which two diagonal legs are paired, thereby producing a single beat which falls between the successive beats of the other unpaired legs.
  32. Cast
    Refers to a horse's falling or laying down close to a wall or fence so that it cannot get up without assistance.
  33. Checkrein
    A strap coupling the bit of a bridle to the harness back band to keep the head up and in position.
  34. Chestnut
    1) the horny growth on the inside of the horse's legs, above the knees and below the hocks. 2) A reddish to brown coat color.
  35. Cinch
    Girth of a Western saddle.
  36. Clean Legs
    A term indicating that there are no blemishes or unsoundness on the legs.
  37. Coarse
    Lacking in quality, common.
  38. Cob
    A close-coupled horse, heavy boned, and muscular, but with quality, and not so heavy or coarse as to be a draft animal. A cob is usually small, standing under 15 hands.
  39. Coffin Bone
    The bone of the foot of a horse, enclosed within the hoof.
  40. Coggins Test
    A test for diagnosing equine inffectious anemia. (E.I.A)
Card Set
Equine Science
Terms Spring 2012
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