CMST Quiz 2 terms pt2

  1. style
    the speakers choice of words and sentance structure
  2. rhetorical devices
    a technique of language to acieve a desired effect
  3. jargon
    Specalized terminology developed within a given endeavor or field of study
  4. concrete language
    Specific, tangible, and definite language (nouns or verbs)
  5. abstract language
    Language that is general or nonspecific
  6. figures of speech
    Expressions, such as metaphors, similes analogies and hyperbole in which words areused in a nonliteral fashion
  7. imagery
    colorful and concreat words that appeal to the senses
  8. simile
    a figure of speech used to compare one thing with anotehr by using the word like or as
  9. metaphor
    A figure of speech used to make an implicit comparision without the use of like or as
  10. cliche
    An expression that is predictable and stale
  11. mixed metaphor
    A metaphore that juxtaposes or comparies unlike images or expresions
  12. analogy
    An extended metaphor or simile that compares an unfamiliar concept or process with a more familiar one in order tohlep the listner understand the one taht isunfamiliar
  13. faulty analogy
    An inaccurate or misleading comparision suggesting that because two things are similar in some ways, they are neccessarily similar in others
  14. personification
    a figure of speech in which the speaker endows an abstract idea or inamitate object with human qualities
  15. understatement
    A figure of speec in which a speaker draws attention to an idea by minimizing its importance
  16. irony
    A figure of speech in which the speaker uses humor, satire, or sarcasum to suggest a meaning other than the one that is actually being expresed
  17. allusion
    A figure of speech in which the speaker makes vague or indirect refrence to people, historical events, or concepts to give deeper meaing to the message
  18. hyperbole
    A figure of speech in which the speaker uses obvious exaggration to drive home a point
  19. onomatopoeia
    A figoure of speech in which the speaker iitates natural sounds in word form in order to add vividness to a speech
  20. code-switching
    The selective use of dialect within a speech
  21. malapropism
    the inaverent use of a words or phrase in place of one that sounds like it
  22. denotative meaning
    the literal or dictionary defintion of a word
  23. connotative meaning
    The individual associations that differnt people bring to bear on a word
  24. voice
    The featuer of verbs in written and spoken text that indicates the subject's relationship to the action; verbs can be either active or passive
  25. hedges
    Unnecessary words and phrases that qualify or introduce doubt into statements that should be straightfoward
  26. tag questions
    unneccessary questiosn appended to statements or commands; the use of such weak languae undermiens a speakers authority
  27. colloquial expressions
    An infomral expression, often with regional variation of speech.
  28. gender-neutral language
    Language taht avoids the use of third-person generic masculine pronouns in favor of inclusive pronouns such as his or her he or she, or other netural terms
  29. anaphora
    A rhetorical device in which the speaker repeats a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phases, clauses, or sentences
  30. epiphora
    A rhetorical device in which the speaker repeats a word or phrase at the end of successive statements
  31. alliteration
    The repetition of the same sounds, usually initial consonants, in two or more neighobringwords or syllables
  32. hackneyed language
    language taht is poorly crafted and lacking in freshness
  33. parallelism
    the arrangement of words, phrases, or sentences insimilar gramatical and stylist form. can help speakers emphasize imprtant ideas in a speech
  34. antithesis
    Setting off two ideas in balanced (parallel) opposition to each other to create a powerful effect
  35. triad
    a rehtorical device that makes use of three paralle elements
Card Set
CMST Quiz 2 terms pt2
second pt of Quiz 2 terms mainly chap 17