Old Testament Test 1

  1. Seed
    • Parable in Matthew
    • Bible appears lifeless but can create life in the correct conditions
    • seed is the Word of God
    • agent of change and transformation
  2. Mirror
    • James 1:23-25
    • John Calvin (16th Century Reformer)
    • by observing how we respond to what we read
  3. English Order
    Based on the Septuagint
  4. Hebrew Order
    • Law (Torah)-Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy
    • Prophets (Nebi'im)-Former (Joshua Judges Samuel Kings) Latter (Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel 12 Minor)
    • Writings (Ketubim) Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Song of Songs, Ecclessiastes, Lamentations, Esther, Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles
  5. Megillot
    Ruth through Esther of the Hebrew OT
  6. Temporal Distance
    Really old, starts in 15 or 13 century BC and ends in 300 BC
  7. Cultural Distance
    Only ancient-near-eastern context
  8. Redemptive Historical Context
    too violent, not well liked, out of date practices
  9. Percentage of Bible is OT
    77 percent
  10. Jesus' View
    agreed with pharisees to use the narrow canon (without apocrypha)
  11. Massoretes
    • Old Scribal Family (400-1000 AD)
    • Created the Codex-Leningardensis (First complete Hebrew Bible) in 1009
    • Standardized and Vocalized the text
    • Knew the exact amount of letters
    • Wouldn't drink or have sex during transcription
  12. Sumerian
    cuneiform, first language, 700 symbols, wedge shaped, symbols stood for things or ideas
  13. Akkadian
    • language of babylonians and syrians
    • syllabic
    • spread literacy
  14. Hitite
    Syllabic and Cuneiform
  15. Ugaritic
    • 1800-1200 BC
    • Cuneiform
    • Alphabetic, 30 symbols
  16. Northwestern Semetic Languages
    Hebrew, Aramaic, Ugaritic
  17. Eastern Semetic
  18. Southern Semitic
  19. Canon
    books of the bible
  20. Apocrypha
    part of the Catholic Bible, books that ocurred between OT and NT
  21. Septuagint
    Greek 2nd Century version of the Bible
  22. Samaritan Pentateuch
    first five books
  23. Jamnia
    • 90 AD
    • Council of Rabbis that decided the Hebrew Canon
    • narrowed down from many books
  24. Hermeneutics
    study and interpretation of the bible
  25. Tanak
    Abbreviation of the Hebrew Bible (Torah, Nebi'im, Ketubim)
  26. Vulgate
    Latin version of the Bible
  27. Vocalization
    when the massoretes added vowels to Hebrew
  28. Codex Leningardensis
    1009, first complete Hebrew bible finished by the Massoretes
  29. Targum
    Aramaic translation of the Hebrew bible
  30. Jehovist
    • earlist source 10th century BC
    • Yahweh/Jehovah are covenant names for God
    • from southern Israel
    • Depicts God anthropomorphically
  31. Deuteronomic
    • 623 during the Reign of King Josiah
    • a Law in Deuteronomy says there should only be one alter; centralization of worship
    • 2 Kings 2:28
  32. Elohist
    • 9th Century northern source
    • calls God Elohim
    • religious and moralistic
  33. Priestly
    • exile or post-exilic date
    • Genealogies, purity laws, sacrifice laws
    • things pertaining to priests
  34. Astruc
    • 18th Century AD
    • created four reasons to prove Moses' authorship
  35. Astruc Four Reasons
    • 1. Elohim/Yahweh for God
    • 2. Double Meanings/Names
    • 3. Double Stories
    • 4. Theology
  36. Henotheism
    many gods but only One to worship
  37. Toladot
    means the account or family history of "X", preface to the story about a family or generation
  38. Postmosaica
    Things Moses couldn't have written (ie the story of his own death)
  39. Amosaica
    Things Moses wouldn't have written (ie that he was the most humble man on earth)
  40. 4 Part Symphony
    • 1. Creaton (Genesis 1-2)
    • 2. Fall (Genesis 3)
    • 3. Redemption (Genesis 4-Revelation 20)
    • 4. Consummation (Revelation 21-22)
  41. 24 Hour Creation
    took a literal 6 24-hour days to create the world
  42. Day Age Approach
    each "day" was a symbol for a period of time it took to create the specific creation
  43. Framework Hypothesis
    • First three days created the realms in which reside the things of the second three days
    • 1. Days 1/4 Light and Dark; Sun, Stars, Moon
    • 2. Days 2/5 Waters and Sky; fish and birds
    • 3. Days 3/6 Land and Vegetation; Animals and Humans
  44. Eight Significances of Genesis 1-2
    • 1.
    • God created everything

    • 2.
    • God is sovereign and supreme

    • 3.
    • God is both immanent and transcendent

    • 4.
    • God is neither gendered nor sexually active

    • 5.
    • Humans are the apex of creation

    • 6.
    • Humans have the gift of sexuality

    • 7.
    • Humans desire marriage

    • 8.
    • Humans must work

    • 9.
    • Humans respect the Sabbath
  45. 4 Part Structure of Genesis 4-11
    • Sin
    • Judgment Speech
    • Token of Grace
    • Judgment
  46. Enuma Elish
    Babylonian story is the rise of Marduk who is god of the city to the king of gods, he creates humans and land and puts the minor gods as stars in the universe
  47. Atrahasis
    lesser gods don’t want to do physical labor for upper gods so they create humans out of the soil to dig irrigation ditches for them
  48. Baal Story
    Baal is at a meeting of the gods and two messengers arrive on behalf of Yam who wants Baal as his prisoner, Baal finds the skillful and wise god and he builds Baal two clubs, there is a seven headed seamonster named Leviathan that is mentioned in Psalm 74
  49. Gilgamesh Epic
    essentially the flood story
  50. Creating in the image of God
    glorifying Him and reflecting His character, but nothing physical because we cannot put a gender or image on God
  51. Abraham Promises
    • many descendants will number the stars
    • lots of land (nation)
    • descendants will be blessed (spiritually and with gifts)
  52. Threats to the Fulfillment of the Abraham Promises
    Wife is infertile; almost sacrifices only son
  53. Source Criticism
    deals with what sources went into the book
  54. Wellhausen
    1880 Developed the Documentary hypothesis JEDP
  55. Essential Mosaic Authorship
    Moses is the primary writer of the Torah but used sources as well
  56. Genealogy Function
    link between time periods, show historical impulse, specific theological issue
  57. Protoevangelium
    • the first statement of the good news, fulfilled in Christ's death and resurrection
    • Genesis 3:15
  58. God reassuring Abraham
    • promise through his self-maledictory oath, only God took part
    • self-curse if God doesn't fulfill his promise
    • splits animals with smoke and fire
  59. Abraham Lifestyle
    nomad, wealthy and powerful, highly respected
  60. Theme of Joseph Narrative
    What humans intend for evil, God intends for good
Card Set
Old Testament Test 1
Flashcards for Longman Old Testament Test #1