chapter 1 and 2 pshychology

  1. psychology
    the scientific study of the mind
  2. pierre flourens
    observerved the effects of brain damage in animals
  3. paul broca
    observed the effects of brain damage on the mental abilities and behaviors of people
  4. hermann von helmholtz
    furthered the science by developing methods of measuring responces
  5. william wundt
    is credited with funding psychology as a scientific discipline, creating the first psychological laboratory, and teaching the fist course in physiological psychology
  6. structuralism
    the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind
  7. functionalism
    the study of the pupose mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their enviroment
  8. natural selection
    charles darwin's theory that the features of an organism that help it survive and reproduce are more likely than other features to be passed in subsequent generations
  9. g.stanley hall
    helped organize psychology in america withthe formation of the first profesional laboratory,journal, and professional organizations in the field
  10. hysteria
    a temporay loss of cognitive or motor functions usually as a result of emotionally upsetting expirences
  11. unconscious
    the part of the mind that operates outside of conscious awarencess but influences conscious thoughts feelings and actions
  12. stimulus
    sensory input from the enviroment
  13. reaction time
    the amount of time taken to respond to a specific stimulus
  14. introspection
    the subjective obsevation of ones own experience
  15. edward titchener
    brought structuralism to america, setting up a psychlogy laboratoy at cornell university
  16. mind
    our private inner expirences of perceptions memories and feelings
  17. behavior
    obsevable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals
  18. nativism
    the philosophical view that certain kinds of knowlegde are innate or inborn
  19. philosophical empiricism
    theh philosophical view that all knowledge is acquired through expirence
  20. phrenology
    a now defunct theory that specific mental abilities and charecteristic ranging from the memory to the capacity for the hapiness are localized in spcific regions to the brain
  21. phsyiology
    the study of biological processes especially in the human body
  22. psychoanalytic theory
    sigmound freuds approach to understanding human behaviour that emphasizes the importance of unconscience mental processes in shaping feelings thoughts and behaviors
  23. psychoanalysis
    a therapuetic approach that focuses on bringing unconscious material into conscious awarness to better undertand psychological disorders
  24. humanistic psychology
    an approach to understanding human nature that emphisizes the positive potential of human beings
  25. behaviorism
    an approach that advocates that psychologist restrict themselves to scientific study of objectively observable behavior
  26. responce
    an action or physiological change elicited by a stimulis
  27. reinforcement
    the consequnces of a behavior that determin whether it will be more likely that the behaviorwill occur again
  28. illusions
    errors of perception memory or judgment in which subjective expirence differs from objective reality
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chapter 1 and 2 pshychology
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