human geography ch2

  1. British dominance
    was sustained in spite of poor domestic resource base, by overseas tradeand colonization backed by powerful navy napoleon wars brough on cycle
  2. cartography
    the body of practical and theoretical knowledge about making distinctive visual representations of earths surface in the form of maps.
  3. colonialism
    the establishment and maintenance of political and legal domination by a state over a separate and alien society.
  4. colonization
    the physical settlement of a new territory of people from a colonizing state.
  5. commodity chain
    network of labor and production processes beginning with the extraction of production of raw materials and ending with the delivery of a fineshed commodity.
  6. comparative advantage
    principle whereby places and regions specialize in activities for which they have the greatest advantage in productivity relative to other regions- or for which they have the least disadvantage.
  7. core regions
    regions that dominate trade, control th most advanced technologies, and have high levels of productivity within diversified economies.
  8. division of labor
    the specialization of different people, regions, or countriesin particular kinds of economic activities.
  9. Dutch dominance
    fishing and shipping industries. began with failure of portugese backed spanish armada. Dutch west india company ...power
  10. environmental determinism
    dotrine holding that human activities are are controlled by the environment
  11. ethnocentrism
    attitudes that ones own race and culture are superior to others.
  12. external arena
    regions of the world not yet absorbed into the modern world system.
  13. hearth areas
    geographic settings where new practices have developed and from which they have subsequently spread.
  14. hegemony
    domination over the world economy exercised by one national state in a particular historical epoch through a combination of economic, military, financial, and cultural means.
  15. hinterland
    sphere of economic influence of a town or city.
  16. imperialism
    extension of the power of a nation through direct or indirect control of the economic and political life of other territories.
  17. import substitution
    process by which domestic producers provide foods or services that formerly were bought from foreighn producers.
  18. law of diminishing returns
    tendency for productivity to decline, after acertain point, with the continued application of capital and or labor to a given resource base.
  19. leadership cycle
    periods of international power established by individual states through economic, political, and military competition.
  20. map projections
    systematic rendering on a flat surface of the geographic coordinates of the features found on earths surface.
  21. masculinism
    assumption that the world is, and should be shaped mainly by men for men.
  22. neocolonialism
    economic and political strategies by which powerful states in core economies indirectly maintain or extend their influence over other areas or people.
  23. peripheral regions
    regions with underdeveloped or narrowly specialized economies with low levels of productivity.
  24. plantation
    large landholding that usually specializes in the production of one particular crop for market
  25. portugese dominance
    treaty of tordesillas 1494 , fave portugal control over acessible parts of the new world. advantages derived from atlantic exploration . better than Spain.
  26. producer services
    services that enhance the productivity or efficiency of orher firms activities or rhar enable them to maintain specialized roles.
  27. semiperipheral regions
    regions that are able to exploit peripheral regions but are themselves exploited and dominated by core regions.
  28. slash and burn
    system of cultivation in which plants are cropped close to the ground, left to dry for a period, and then ignited.
  29. spatial justice
    fairness of the distribution of societys burdens and benefits, taking into account spatial variations in peoples needs and in their contribution to the production of wealth and social well being
  30. technology systems
    clusters of interrelated energy, transportation, and production technologies that dominate economic activity for several decades at a time.
  31. transnational corporations
    companies with investments and activities that span international boundaries and with subsidiary companies,factories offices or facilities in several countries.
  32. united states
    economically dominant withi the world system by 1920 but did not until after japan bombings and ww2 recieve hegemonic power
  33. world-empire
    minisystems that have been absorbed into a common political system while retaining their fundamental cultural differences.
  34. world system
    interdependent system of countries linked by economic and political competition
Card Set
human geography ch2
human geography ch2