Cardio and Respiratory Jeopardy

  1. What are pulmonary effects of left sided failure?
    Crackles, dyspnea, tachypnea
  2. What change occurs in bronchiectasis?
    Dilated bronchi
  3. What is atelectasis?
    Collapsed alveoli
  4. How does emphysema affect compliance?
    Increases compliance
  5. Low V/Q ratio (perfusion without ventilation)
  6. What is a pleural effusion?
    Fluid in the pleural space
  7. What change occurs in emphysema?
    Destruction of alveolar walls and capillary beds
  8. What are cardiopulmonary effects of right-sided failure?
    Jugular vein distention, peripheral edema, ascites
  9. What is one way the body compensates for shock?
    Blood shifts away from skin and GI tract to increase vascular volume
  10. What change occurs in asthma?
    An IgE mediated disorder triggered by specific antigens, causing bronchospasm.
  11. What is hydrostatic pressure?
    Pressure that pushes fluid out of the pulmonary capillary and into the alveoli
  12. What causes tuberculosis?
    Bacterial respiratory infection transmitted by droplet that remains viable forever
  13. What is RSV (respiratory syncytial virus)?
    Viral disorder affecting infants, transmitted by secretions through close contact with infected persons or contact with contaminated surfaces or objects
  14. What are characteristics of pulmonary fibrosis or pulmonary edema?
    Stiff lungs with decreased compliance
  15. What is cystic fibrosis?
    An autosomal recessive disorder affecting exocrine glands and pulmonary airways.
  16. What are systemic (non-cardiopulmonary) effects of both right and left sided failure?
    Oliguria, fatigue, faint pulses, restlessness, confusion, anxiety
  17. What are characteristics of systolic failure?
    40% ejection fraction, thin myocardial walls following a myocardial infarction
  18. What is secondary pulmonary hypertension OR what is cor pulmonale?
    A cardiovascular complication of chronic hypoxia
  19. In what forms is carbon dioxide carried in the blood?
    H2CO3, PaCO2, HCO3, & caraminohemoglobin
  20. What manifestations of viral or atypical pneumonia?
    Fever; dry, nonproductive cough; malaise; and headache
  21. What are tissue damage is occurs in viral pneumonia?
    Destroy ciliated epithelial cells, invade goblet cells and bronchial mucous glands
  22. What is tracheoesophageal fistula?
    In neonate, increases risk for aspiration pneumonia
  23. What change occurs in chronic bronchitis?
    Hyperplasia of bronchial mucus glands and goblet cells
  24. What is third degree heart block?
    Dysrhythmia in which atria and ventricles are not communicating
  25. What is the pathogenesis of septic shock?
    Macrophage activation, kinins, clotting cascade, and complement cascade
  26. What is a manifestation of chronic hypoxia?
    Clubbing of fingers
  27. What are ↑ temp., ↑ hydrogen, ↑ carbon dioxide? (allows more oxygen to tissues)
    Causes decreased affinity for oxygen
  28. What part of the lung is affected by lung cancer?
    Arise from epithelium of respiratory tract (bronchus)
Card Set
Cardio and Respiratory Jeopardy
The study of cardio and respiratory in pathophysiology through jeopardy questions