Theatre ch 2

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  1. empathy
    remotional identification. in the theater empathy refers to a sense of participation. an identification with a character. occcurs when you feel along with the charcters
  2. aesthetic distance
    physchological seperation, or a sense of detachment, the recognition that what happens on stage is not reality, literally, " the distance of art"
  3. Carthasis
    a term used by the greek philosopher aristotole 384-322, to describe the audiences emotional release at the end of a tragedy, a performance was desighned to engage the audiences feelings and build in intensiy so that spectator felt cleansed or purged of strong emotion by the end of the play.
  4. Hypokrites
    greek word for actor, the root of our words hypocrisy and hyocrite
  5. mimesis
    defined by Aristotle as the authors process if imitating character in action
  6. epic theatre
    anti- illusionist theatre featuring emotional detachment, narration, songs, and obvious theatricality that was developoed by german playwright, director and theorist Bertolt Brecht.
  7. improvisation
    a type of performance in which dialogue and action are not planned ahead of time and written down but are made up on spot by the actors.
  8. play (script)
    a written text indicating the dialogue the charactersspeak and some of the physical action.
  9. production
    the fully realized performance of a play with actors, sets costumes, lighting and props.
  10. playwright
    the author, or crafter of the play.
  11. producer
    the person in charge of the financial and buisness aspects of production. the producer usually negotiates rights to a play. hires director. in nonprofit theatres, the job title is managing director. One person may take on producing responsibilities, or they may be shared by a group.
  12. director
    the person in charge of the artistic aspects of theatrical production It is the directors job to guide the transformation of the play to live production, the director interprets the plays and heads the artistic team, providing a focus and organization for the creative work.
  13. casting director
    a specialist in finding actors for specific roles who assists the director in some professional production.
  14. scenic desighner
    an artist who creates a visual home for the play on stage. Many people may help build scenery, but the desighner envisions and controls the visual effect. also called set desighner.
  15. costume desighner
    the artist who creates costumes for actors to help define and express character.
  16. lighting desighner
    an artist who desighns or affects all visual elements by controlling focus and mood with color, placement and intensity of light.
  17. chorus
    A group of performers working togeather vocally and physically. a Chorus approximately 12 to 15 singer dancers who interacted with and responded to the actors was an importantelement of ancient greek theatre.
  18. Technitae
    an actor during the Hellenistic period, the term is probably related to th professional status of Greek actors in the fourth century and beyond
  19. Histrio
    a latin term for actor, the root of our word histrionic, by which we usually mean exaggerated human responses.
  20. actor
    a person who embodies a character on the stage. The latin word actor meant " doer" and became the word of choice for performers in most western traditions.
  21. Sound desighner
    an artist who creates acoustic and recorded sound for a production.
  22. Makeup desighner
    An artist specializing in the desighn of realistic or stylized makeup for the charcters, makeup is typically desighned by the costume desighner or the actor themselves if there is not a particular makeup desighner assighned to a production.
  23. Composer
    an artist who creates original music for a theatrical production.
  24. lyricist
    An artist who writes the words (lyrics) for songs.
  25. music director
    an artist who works on with singers and orchestra in learning and performing the music for a play.
  26. choreographer
    artist who stages dancing or stylized movement. A choreographermust work closely with the productions director, sometimes one person serves as both director and choreographer.
  27. Stage Manager
    a staff member who ensures that things run smoothly on and backstage. Stage managers coordinate a show during rehearsal and performance and keep the directors artistic choices intact during its run.
  28. Front of house
    theatre operations that deal directly with the audience ( such as ticket sales and assistance infinding seats).
  29. House manager
    the staff member who is responsible for the safety and comfort of the audience members during their time in the theatre. House managers coordinate ushers, make sure the audience areas of the theater are clean and safe, resolve any seating problems, and deal with any emergencies.
  30. Box office manager
    theatre staff member that is responsible for organizing and overseeingticket sales, including supervising the staff members who deal directly with the public.
  31. Proscenium Space
    an actor audience configuration in which the audience is on only one side of the performance area, all audience members face the same direction. also called proscenium theeatre.
  32. proscenium Arc
    a large open arch that marks the primary division between audience and performance space in a proscemium space. the proscenium arch frames the action of the play for the audience and limits the view of backstage areas.
  33. Apron
    In a proscemium theatre an extension of the stage that continues toward the audience below the prescimium arc.
  34. Wings
    In a proscemium theatre, spaces offstage left and right for actors, crew, and scenery not yet in the visible performance space. ))) 2) changeable flats that could be pulled quickly on and offstage in grooves on the floorand at the top of the tall wings ( In wing, drop, and border scenery)
  35. Grand Drape
    front curtain in a proscemium theatre sometimes used to hide scene changes or to indicate the beginnings and conclusions of acts or scenes.
  36. House
    The audience area of any theatrical space.
  37. Orchestra
    In a modern proscemium theatre, the audience seating area at floor level immediately in front of the stage. In ancient Greece a typically circular performance space, "literally, " dancing Place"
  38. Orchestra Pit
    in a proscemium theatre a sunken area between the apron and the audience that was traditionally used to seat musicians.
  39. Raked
    Set an angle. early proscenium theatres featured a rake stag: the stage was elevated much higher at the back of the stage ( upstage) than closer to the audience ( downstage). Modern desighners sometimes build a raked stagefor a particular production as part of the desighn concept.When the audience area is raked, the seating is elevatedtoward the back of the house to facilitateseeing over the rows in front.
  40. Box
    A partially enclosed audience seating area popular from the renaissance through the nineteenth century. Boxes where the most expensive form of seating.
  41. Gallery
    raised area of audience seating above the orchestra level in proscenium and thrust theatres since the renaissance, also called balcony or Mezzanine.
  42. thrust space
    An actor audience configuration in which the audience is on three sides of the performance area. Also callled thrust theatre.
  43. Facade
    an architectural backround for the action of a play, a generalized standing or hanging structure, often multilevel, that may be nuetralor decorated but always resideupstage of the action, creating a backround that can suggest nearly any location , inside or out.
  44. vomitory
    An entrance to elevated seating for audience that runs underneath the audience and comes up to empty out into the seating area.
  45. Booth stage
    A portable thrust stage, probably used by ancient greek and roman mime performersand definetly used by actors in the middle ages and well beyond.
  46. Arena space
    An actor or audience configuration in which the audience completely surrounds the performance area. Also called arena theatre.
  47. Black Box
    A flexible performance space (usually small) in which the actor/audience configuration can be easily changed for each production.
  48. Found Space
    a place that is used for production, indoors or out, that was never intended as a theatrical space when created or desighned.
  49. site specific performance
    a production developed for and closely linked to a particular location
  50. environmental Theatre
    A performance in which audience and actors share the same space. There is little or no separation of acting and observing areas, with the result that the audience members are physically part of the performance.
  51. Downstage
    The stage area closestto the audience on the raked stage of renaissance theaters, , the stage literally sloped downward as it goes closer to the audience, abbreviated D.
  52. Upstage
    the area farthest from the audienc. abbreviated, U.
  53. Above
    Stage direction indicating upstage or away from the audience.
  54. Below
    Stage direction indicating downstage or toward the audience.
  55. Stage Left
    the actors left as they face the audience , abbreviated SL or L.
  56. Stage Right
    the actors right as they face the audience abbreviated SR or R.
  57. Center
    In stage directions the space in the middle of the stage abbreviated, C.
  58. Cross
    Actor movement of any length across the stage. abbreviated as X.
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Theatre ch 2
theatre ch2
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