Abnormal Psychology

  1. analytical psychology
    a variation of Freud's psychoanalysis introduced by Carl Jung. focusing less on biological drives and more on factors such as self fulfullment, the collective unconscious, and religious symbolism
  2. Epidemiology
    text: the study of the frequency and distribution of illness in a population

    • incidence: number of new cases in a given time
    • prevalence: rate of all cases (new and old) in a given timelifetime prevalence: proportion in a population who have ever had a given disorderrisk factor: characteristic that increases the likelihood of a disorder
    • vulnerabilities vs. risk factors
  3. Robins and Guze (1970)
    Establishing Clinical (Diagnostic) Validity in Psychiatric Research

    • clinical description
    • elimitation from other disorders,
    • follow-up studies
    • family studies
  4. Feighner (1972)
    extended the Robins and Guze model to 14 psychiatric disorders (Feigner Criteria)
  5. What is a disease?
    any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any body part, organ, or system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs and whose etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
  6. Behavorism
    focuses on observable behavior rather than on conciousness or mental functioning

    • -classical conditioning
    • -operant conditioning
    • -modeling
    • Watson
  7. Classical Conditioning
    ex. dog salivates when bell rings.
  8. Operant conditioning
    • positive and negative reinforcement
    • B.F. Skinner
  9. Modeling
    we learn by watching and imitating others
  10. behavioral therapy
    -systematic desensitization
    • 1)deep muscle relaxation
    • 2) gradual exposure to a list of feared situations, starting w/ those that arouse minimal anziety and progressing to those that are the most frightening.
    • Joseph Wolpe
  11. psychoanalytic theory
    theory originating with Frued that psychopathology results from unconscious conflucts in the individual
  12. 1.3
    ___ developed the concept of the collective unconscious;
    ____ developed the technique of free association;
    ____is associated with individual psychology
    • Jung
    • Freud
    • Adler
  13. the __ is driven by the pleasure principle, but the __ is driven by the reality principle
    • id
    • ego
  14. In psychoanalysis, ____ refers to interpreting the relationship between therapist and client as indicative of the clients relationship to others.
  15. T or F
    a cat comes running at the sound of a treat jar rattling, and his human gices him a treat. the conditioned stimulus in this ecample is teh sound of the jar rattling
  16. Structured clinical interviews
    structured clinical interviews yield good reliability for current diagnosis but poor reliability for lifetime prevalence

    *reliability for unstructured diagnostic approaches is worse, oftentimes far worse
  17. MMPI scales
    • clinical scale
    • validity scale
    • content scale
Card Set
Abnormal Psychology
chapter 1