chapter 5/INFANTCY

  1. Describe the physical development of an infant
    • sensory perception
    • sleep-wake cycle
    • soothing
    • reflexes in the neonate
    • locomotion
  2. physical needs of an infant
    • healthy diet
    • physical contact
    • safe enviornment
    • stimulating enviornment
  3. Describe the physical development of the infants sensory perception of vision including the visual cliff and how to stimulate them.
    • visual cliff test - to see if children have developed depth perception
    • stimulate their vision with bright colors and geometric shapes
    • children have all of their senses at birth, but they continue to develop after birth
  4. describe the physical development of the infants sensory perception of hearing.
    • babies can hear before birth
    • they are able to distinguish mothers and fathers voice within one week of birth
    • sing talk and play music to your baby
  5. describe the physical development of the infants sensory perception of touch.
    • babies are very sensitive in the areas of the face, plams, backbone, genitals, soles
    • can be soothed by stroking
    • like different textures and warm baths
  6. describe the physical development of the infants sensory perception of smell and taste.
    • know the difference between sweet, sour, salty and bitter
    • will begin sucking at the smell of breast milk
    • let babies smell food but not taste it.
  7. When do babies develop a circadian rhythm and how can you help to set it?
    • children do not possess a circadium rhythm until about 6-16 weeks of age
    • natural dark-light cycle is important to creating childrens circadium rhythm
    • co-sleeping may benefit children that are at risk of SIDS
  8. What is soothing and describe ways to sooth a baby.
    • involves a reduction of stimuli and can be accomplished in a myriad of ways
    • swaddling (mimin the womb)
    • rocking (glider)
    • pacifier
    • walking with baby
    • riding in tha car
    • warm bath
    • play soft music or sing lullabies
  9. One part of physical development in an infant is locomotion. What is it and when should it occur?
    • the ability to move from 1 location to another
    • 2.5 months roll
    • 6 months forward mobility is apparent
    • 7-10 months crawling
    • 13-15 months first steps
  10. What is colostrum and where is it found? When do you wean?
    • contains antibodies that the baby gets from mothers breast milk in the first few days after birth
    • first 6 months breast feed then switch to formula
    • 1 year switch to vitamin D milk
  11. When do you introduce soft foods and juices to an infant
    • 6 months
    • vitamin D milk only at 1 year
  12. what is a need?
    a need is something that you have to provide for development to occur
  13. Another physical need of the infant is physical contact. describe some ways to have physical contact with you baby.
    carry your baby in a front sling, dance with your baby, rock your baby, make faces to your baby, smile at your baby, kiss your baby
  14. Another physical need for an infant is a safe environment. What is the biggest danger to a infant?
    • baby proofing
    • baby gates, doors secure tight, no buckets around
    • a baby can dround in 1 teaspoon of water
  15. A stimulating environment is another physical need of an infant. describe a stimulating enviornment for infants and older children.
  16. Infants:
    • primary colors - red, yellow, blue, with goemetric shapes
    • interactive toys - not stuffed animals
    • multiple languages - let them learn as many as possible
    • Older:
    • multiple languages, singing songs, making up stories, naming body parts
  17. A stimulating enviornment is another physical need of children; describe a stimulating enviornment for older children
    • learn multiple languages
    • sing songs
    • making up stories
    • naming body parts during bathing
  18. What is moro reflex and when does it extinguish?
    • Startle reflex; the extension of legs, arms, and fingers, arches back, draws back head.
    • extinguishes between 2-3 months when the soft spot fuses
  19. What is the rooting reflex and when does it extinguish?
    • response to touch; head turns, mouth opens, sucking motion begins
    • extinguishes between 3-4 months
  20. What is grasping reflex and when does it extinguish?
    • with any touch on the palm of hand; makes a strong fist and doesn't let go.
    • extinguishes between 3-4 months
  21. What is stepping reflex and when does it extinguish?
    • stepping reflex on any hard surface under their feet; makes strpping like motions that look like walking, the brain is hardwiring for walking.
    • extinguishes between 3-4 months
  22. What is Babinski reflex and when does it extinguish?
    • similar to grasping but for the feet where the toes fan out and foot twists in
    • seen up until about 1 year at which the relflex reverses to toes curling
  23. What is the sucking reflex?
    happens when something is inside the mouth; response to nipple or bottle and is essential to live, may choke in items
  24. What reflexes which remain past neonatal stage?
    • Blinking
    • yawning
    • coughing
    • gagging
    • sneezing
    • pupillary response
    • we have no control over, they exist beyone
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chapter 5/INFANTCY