Anatomy Test 3

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  1. The _____ are two pairs of ribs that do not articulate with the sternum.
    Floating Ribs
  2. The skin produces Vitamin D from _____ and promotes absorption of _____ in the small intestine.
    Cholesterol; Calcium
  3. Vitamin D is needed for the efficient absorption of _____ by the small intestine.
  4. There are seven _____ vertebrae in the neck.
  5. The _____ is the part of the integumentary system that prevents entry of pathogens.
  6. Melanin gives color to the epidermis, the _____ and _____.
    Hair; Iris of the Eye
  7. The _____ bone helps protect the sense organs for hearing.
  8. _____ in the long bone of children are where growth occurs.
    Epiphyseal Discs
  9. Ceruminous glands produce _____, which prevents dying of the eardrum.
  10. The _____ is the part of the integumentary system that contain sweat glands.
  11. The shaft of the long bones is made of compact bone and is called the _____.
  12. A hair follicle has its base in the _____ and has a _____ at its base.
    Dermis; Hair Root
  13. In the paranasal sinuses, _____ produced by the epithelium blocks nasal outlets.
  14. _____ permits tendons to slide easily across a moving joint.
  15. The _____ in the integumentary system that connects skin to muscles.
    Subcutaneous Tissue
  16. In the body, the _____ are storage sites for calcium, which is also needed in the blood for _____.
    Bones; Clotting
  17. _____ of sweat promotes loss of excess body heat.
  18. Some human hair functions are to keep dust out of the _____ and _____.
    Eyes; Nasal Passages
  19. There are five fused ______ vertebrae that articulate with the hip bones.
  20. The protein, _____ provides strength to the dermis.
  21. _____ produce new bone matrix for growth and repair.
  22. _____ for height means how tall a person may become.
    Genetic Potential
  23. The five vertebrae in the lower back are called _____.
  24. A _____ has its base in the dermis, has a root that undergoes mitosis and has cells that produce keratin before they die.
    Nail Follicle
  25. _____ is the dermis of a cow.
  26. The cranial bone that attaches the anterior meninges and forms part of the nasal septum is the _____.
  27. ______ is a potentially serious consequence of profuse sweating.
  28. The rib cage is directly involved in the functioning of the _____ system.
  29. _____ produces platelets, RBC's and WBC's.
    Red Bone Marrow
  30. _____ and WBC's are defensive cells in the epidermis.
    Langerhan Cells
  31. _____ in the dermis of the skin provide information about changes in the external.
  32. ____ and _____ are hormones that promote closure of the epiphyseal discs.
    Estrogen; Testosterone
  33. The _____ protects the lungs, heart, and spleen.
    Rib Cage
  34. In a warm enviroment, the _____ in the dermis dilate to lose heat.
  35. Langerhans cells in the epidermis are capable of _____.
  36. The femur and hip joint form a _____ type of joint.
    Ball and Socket
  37. _____ in the skin are receptors for heat, cold, and pain.
    Free Nerve Endings
  38. There are 12 _____ vertebrae that articulate with the ribs.
  39. _____ in the fetal skull permit compression of the skull during birth and allow for growth of the brain after birth.
  40. A function of the _____ _____ is to prevent water loss.
    Statum Corneum
  41. _____ sinus are found in the maxillae, sphenoid and frontal bones.
  42. _____ contributes to the growth of bones by increasing protein synthesis and increasing the rate of mitosis.
    Growth Hormone
  43. _____ may be stimulated by chicken pox virus, a mosquito bite, and by poison ivy.
    Cutaneous Receptors
  44. During time of stress, arterioles in the dermis will _____ to permit blood flow to vital organs.
  45. Melanocytes produce _____ and are stimulated by _____.
    Melanin; UV Rays
  46. Subcutaneous _____ tissue cushions bones, provides insulation from cold, and stores excess or potential energy.
  47. Bones are connected to adjacent bones by _____.
  48. In the embryo, the bones in the arms and legs are first made of ______.
  49. The function of _____ inhibit bacteria growth on the skin and prevent drying of the skin.
  50. The function of _____ is to protect living skin layers from more UV Rays.
  51. The receptors for pressure are _____ endings.
    Encapsulated Nerve
  52. Blood vessels are found in _____ bone.
  53. Ligaments are made of _____ tissue.
    Fibrous Connective
  54. In a hair follicle, the _____ pull the follicle upright.
    Pilomotor Muscle
  55. In long bones, the ______ is the end made mostly of spongy bone.
Card Set
Anatomy Test 3
Chapter 5 & 6
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