Messages, Meanings, and Culture test 1

  1. Meta-Message
    • Messages beyond those at face value
    • What we read into messages
  2. Linguistic History
    Memories associated with a word that are personal to each human
  3. Event Framing
    What you say doesn't cover everything; you say what you want people to know about an event
  4. Bader-Saye Article
    • Fearful Society: in parenting, church, politics
    • Fear for profit: 'safe for the whole family', post 9-11, babyproofing
  5. Sipchen Article
    • How defining the event as a riot gives us a certain connotation of the event
    • How blacks vs whites would consider/classify the event
  6. Cassirer
    Rationality is the result of our symbol making capacity
  7. Sign
    signal that bears a natural relationship to the thing it portrays
  8. Symbol
    signal that bears no natural relationship to the thing it portrays
  9. Sacks Article
    • The Presidents Speech:
    • non-verbal conveys more than words
    • we can convince people our words are sincere by our voices
    • brain damaged people could interpret the speech better
  10. 4 Functions of Symbols
    • transmission of experience by language (past)
    • imagine the possible (future)
    • may lead to false messages
    • essential to a system of values
  11. Backlund
    • liberal education
    • communication should be a part of all studies
  12. Liberally Educated Person
    • freedom to think well and articulate clearly
    • wisdom to understand complexities and make good decisions
  13. Rein Article
    • High Visibility:
    • crucial to mass success
    • it's own market
    • talent isn't necessary
  14. Seven Problems of Language
    • defintion
    • questions
    • simple words
    • metaphor
    • reification
    • Style and Tone
    • Non-Neutrality of media
  15. Defintion
    not just one definition, everything is defined by people, not from God. vary based on culture, situation, people
  16. Questions
    loaded, expected answers, have assumptions built into them
  17. Simple Words
    several uses to each word, ambiguity
  18. Metaphor
    controls and directs our thoughts, everything is a metaphor, makes an assertion
  19. Reification
    confusing words with things, words STAND FOR THINGS
  20. Style and Tone
    certain styles of communication for certain subcultures
  21. non-neutrality of media
    TV must be entertaining, not straightforward
  22. Corax and Tisias
    • 467 BCE Sicily
    • 1st comm book during 1st democracy in Athens
    • people must communicate problems
  23. Isocrates
    375 BCE taught first school of communication
  24. Plato
    • 375 BCE
    • not about winning, about truth
  25. Aristotle
    • 350 BCE
    • supports teaching of rhetoric, against plato, much of life is uncertain
  26. Cicero
    • good v evil
    • 50 BCE Rome-highly effective senator
  27. Jesus
    • communication relationally
    • held accountable for your words
    • actions can communicate
  28. Quintillian
    • 75 AD
    • rhetoric: a good man speaking well
  29. Augustine
    • 400 AD: book called "The City of God"
    • Goodness in relation to communication, does the church need to learn how to communication, or does goodness communicate effectively on it's own?
  30. Ramus
    • 1550
    • Rhetoric: style and delivery
    • Grammar: syntax
    • logic: argument and organization
  31. Sheridan
    1750, we need to be well articulated
  32. Weaver
    No absolute truth, just what we agree upon
  33. Modern Shift
    movement from assumed truth to significant doubt of truth
  34. Chapter 6 4 Phenomena
    • experience of conversation is primary social process in life
    • method of communication>what people say
    • action is reflexively reproduced as communication continues
    • CMM are curious researchers in a pluralistic world
Card Set
Messages, Meanings, and Culture test 1
communication test 2/3/12