HWC 205 ch.5

  1. Classical liberalism
    offered seven positions that describe their political goals. However, these goals did not extend to the lower classes.
  2. psychological hedonism
    the theory that humans are mainly motivated by the desire for pleasure or happiness.
  3. principle of utility
    "the highest good in its universal expression is the greatest happiness for the greatest number of persons." This was thought to be the best basis for society.
  4. Edmund Burke
    prominent spokesperson for the conservatives. He felt that the French Revolution had become so extreme because it was in the hands of the working class instead of the middle class which were men of property and professionals.
  5. radical liberalism
    alternative to classical liberalism, a group of radical liberalists took up the cause of the working classes. The utiliterians also supported this form of fuller democracy.
  6. Harriet Taylor
    married to John Stuart Mill, her influence helped create his work "On Liberty"
  7. Ethical hedonism
    moral philosophies that say that humans ought to pursue happiness or pleasure as the highest moral good are forms
  8. utilitarianism
    The Utilitarians scientifically observed human behavior and concluded that persons sought either happiness or pleasure (psychological hedonism). If this is what himans naturally sought, then it should provide the basis for morality (ethical hedonism).
Card Set
HWC 205 ch.5
Ch.5 The Emergence of Liberalism: John Stuart Mill