nutrition test

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  1. Define Hunger
    • An unlearned, inborn
    • response

    • A natural physical drive
    • that protects you from starvation.

    • nEmpty stomach = Walls
    • contract stimulating nerve endings.
  2. Define nutrition
    • The process by which the
    • body takes in and uses food
  3. Define calories
    • Units of heat that measure
    • the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.

    Fuels everything you do
  4. Define appetite
    Desire to eat
  5. define nutrients
    • Units of heat that measure
    • the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.

    Fuels everything you do
  6. Define Vitamins
    • Compounds that help regulate many vital body
    • processes including digestion, absorption, and the metabolism of other
    • nutrients

    • Vitamins are either water soluble or fat
    • soluble.
  7. Define lipid
    • Lipid is a fatty substance that does not
    • dissolve in water
    • Fat is a type of lipid
  8. Define carbohydrates
    • Body uses energy from Carbs to
    • perform every task, including sitting and taking notes in class.

    • Either Simple or Complex depending on their
    • chemical makeup

    • 55-60% of your daily calories should come
    • from mainly complex Carbohydrates
  9. Define simple carbohydrates
    • Simple = Sugars such as fructose and lactose
    • (fruit and milk)
  10. Define caomplex carbohydrates

    • Whole grains, seeds, nuts, Legumes (peas and
    • beans), tubers (root vegetables such as potatoes)

    • Body breaks down complex carbs
    • into simple carbs
    • before it can use them for energy.
  11. Define proteins
    Vital part of every cell in your body

    • Nutrients that help build and maintain body
    • cells and tissues

    Made of amino acids

    • Your body can make all but 9 of the 20
    • different amino acids that make up proteins

    • The 9 your body can not make are called
    • essential amino acids
  12. Define Fiber
    Indigestible complex carbohydrate

    Helps move waste through the digestive system
  13. Define minerals
    • Substances that the body cannot manufacture
    • but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many
    • vital body processes

    Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron
  14. My plate
    Image Upload 1
  15. Define Dietary Guidelines for Americans
    Are a set of recommendations for healthful eating and active living

    my plate is an example of Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  16. A of ABCs of good health
    A: Aim for Fitness
  17. B of ABS of Good health
    B: Build a Healthy Base
  18. C of ABCs of good health
    C: Choose sensibly
  19. Define Saturated fat
    • Fats high in saturated fatty acids are
    • usually solid at room temperature.

    Animal fats and tropical oils

    • Fats in beef, pork, egg yolks, and dairy
    • foods

    • High intake of saturated fatty acid =
    • increased risk of heart disease
  20. Define Unsaturated fats
    • Vegetable fats, olive canola, soybean, and
    • corn oils.

    Usually liquids at room temperature

    • Unsaturated fatty acids = decreased risk or
    • heart disease
  21. fill in the blank:
    1 gram of fat = __ calories
  22. fill in the blank:
    1 gram of carbohydrates = __ calories
  23. fill in the blank:
    1 gram of protein = __ calories
Card Set
nutrition test
flash cards for my nutrition test on 1-6-12
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