Introduction to Computers

  1. What is a computer?
    A computer is a machine that performs tasks or calculations according to a set of instructions or programs.
  2. The first fully electronic computer was introduced in the

    B. 1940's
  3. How does a computer work?
    Computers work through an interaction of hardware and software.
  4. Who is a user?
    A person who uses the computer directly or uses information it provides
  5. The parts of a computer that you can see and touch is called__________.

    B. Hardware
  6. The most important piece of hardware is inside your computer- it is a tiny rectangular chip called the ___________________

    A. Central Processing unit (CPU)
  7. The instructions or programs that tell the hardware what to do is called the ___________

    B. software
  8. What are two well- known operating systems?

    A. Windows and Macintosh
  9. How do you know what version Windows you are running and what your computers stats are?

    C. Control Panel
  10. There are 4 differenet types of computers
    name them and briefly describe them
    • Desktop- designed for use at desk or table; typically larger
    • Laptop- lightweight mobile PC's with a thin screen often called notebook computer; portable; operate on batteries
    • Handheld- also called PDA (personal digital assistant) battery powered; small and portable; have touch screens and use stylus
    • Tablet PC's- mobile PCs that combine features of laptops and handhelds; use tablet pen
  11. Name 5 things you can do with a computer?
    • Keep Records
    • Analyze Data
    • Research
    • Manage Projects
    • Store Pictures and Music
  12. There are 4 parts to a computer give me the term for this one
    ______ ______ core of a computer system, also known as a tower. Inside there are many electronic components that process information
    system unit
  13. The _______ (which is the most important) is electronic components that process information

    D. Central Processing Unit
  14. RAM stands for _____________ which is also housed in the system unit. it temporarily uses information that the CPU uses while the computer is on ; it is erased when the computer is turned off
    Random Access Memory
  15. ______ are typically on the back of the computer but can also be on front; what parts of the computer plug into
    a. USB
    b. ports
    c. Flash Drive
    d. Plug-ins
    B. Ports
  16. __________ are external devices plugged into the computer for various purposes

    B. Periphial Device
  17. Disk drives: _____ drive is the main part of the computer; this is where all prgrams, files, settings, etc, are stored

    C. C
  18. Drive __ is the CD drive; it is used to run CD's and DVD's which can be rewritable ( you can erase and write new information ).
    a. D
    b. H
    C. E
    D. C
    A. D
  19. _______ is an external port drive that you can use to move files from one location to another; you mut have a USB port for this.
    a. USB port
    b. Jump Drive
    C. Ports
    D. External Device
    B .Jump Drive
  20. _____ is a small device used to point to and select items on your screen; can be wireless

    D. Mouse
  21. Other parts of the computer include....
    • Keyboard
    • Monitor
    • Printer
    • Speakers
    • modem
  22. __________________ is used for typing text in your computer; has letters and number keys and also function and navigation keys; and a numeric keypad

    C. Keyboard
  23. ____________displays information in visual for; can range in size; can be flat screen or touch screen; CRT (cathode ray tube) or LCD (liquid crystal display) monitors; LCDs are smaller and thinner; CRTs are more affordable
    a. monitor
    c.home button
  24. __________transfer data from a computer to paper; can be inkjet ; laser jet is clearer and typically faster; inkjet is more home use while laser jet is more office use; laser jet handle larger quantities better
  25. ______ are used to play sound; may be built in or connected with cables
  26. ___________ is a device that send and receive computer information over a telephone line or a high-speed cable; can be built into but generally are seperate
  27. When you boot up your PC (personal computer), the operating systwm takes you to the _____________

    a. web page
    b. Microsoft Word
    c. desktop
    d. recycle bin
  28. The desktop remains in the ___________ when you run programs.
    a. mouse
    b. help button
    c. monitor
    d. background
    d. background
  29. The desktop contains ________ and _____ to help control the PC.

    D. objects and menus
  30. You can __________ your desktop
    a. create
    b. delete
    c. sell
    d. personalize
  31. _______ (also known as shortcuts) are small graphics representing programs, hardware and data
    a. taskbars
    b. menu status
    c. icons
    d. shortcuts
  32. A ______ is a bar at the bottom of the screen that shows active programs of the computer.
    a. tool bar
    b. task bar
    c. status bar
    d. window bar
    task bar
  33. A _ is a box at the bottom right of the screen that shows the syste status
    a. system tray
    b. recycle bin
    c. tool box
    d. task pane
    system tray
  34. ____________ is the main control of the desktop; can also Right-Click for more options
    a. Settings
    b. Windows
    c. Start Menu
    d. Mouse
    Start Menu
  35. _______________ is the loaction where an item is palced once it is deleted from the computer; once am file is removed from the______________, it is completely gone from the computer
    a. trash
    b.Recycle Bin
    c. memory
    Recycle Bin
  36. __________ is the location of the computer where you will store most of your files unless the files are stored on a CD
    a. my documents folder
    b. storage medium
    c. sales
    d. desktop
    my documents folder
  37. The software program used to acomplish a task(s?) on the PC is called

    a. RAM
    b. CRT
    d. Application Program
    Application Program
  38. This system helps control the enviroment______

    B. Operating System
  39. There are several ways to start an application program name the 3 ways
    • use the start menu
    • Double-click the prora icon on the desktop
    • Go to Windows Explorer
  40. Computers can do more than one task at a time
    A. True
    B False

  41. You can use the _______ to change between open programs
    a. tool bar
    b. task bar
    c. window bar
    d. ice cream bar
    task bar
  42. Thhe operating system works in ____________ areas on the screen called ______
    a. circles and windows
    b. rectangular and windows
    c. triangles and windows
    d. spheres and windows
    rectangular and windows
  43. Each window has several parts a ______ and the program and ___ buttons ( Maximize, minimize, and close)
    a. programd and 6
    b. features and 2
    c. title bar and 3
    d. task bar and 3
    title bar and 3
  44. _________________shrinks the window to the taskbar
    a. minimize
    b. maximize
    d.task bar
  45. ______fills the screen with the window
    a. minimize
    b. maximize
    c. close
    d. task bar
  46. _______ends the prgoram and closes the window
    a. close
    b. task bar
    c. minimize
    d. maximize
  47. _____________ gives you access to the programs working comands
    a. task bar
    b. menu bar
    c. toolbar
    d. task pane
    menu bar
  48. ________contain buttons that give direct access to a task
    a. toolbars
    b. taskpane
    c. close
    d. menu bar
  49. ____________ allows you to see more items outside of the size of the window
    a. menu bars
    b. tool bars
    c. task bars
    d. scroll bars
    scroll bars
  50. A box that appears on the screen when you select certain options from the menus ( ex Print Box)
    Dialog box
  51. A dialog box allows you to specify your pesonal options for the task to be done
    remember this
  52. A dialog box cotains many control features , such as buttons, check boxes and list boxes.
    Study this
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Introduction to Computers
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