Anatomy & Physiology of Cells and Tissue*

  1. Describe the anatomical position
    • Body is erect
    • upper extremities at sides
    • palms facing anterior
    • lower extremities together
  2. Anterior is to posterior as medial is to
  3. the region of the lower limb immediately distal to the thigh is the

    D. crus
  4. which region of the trunk is found immediately inferior to the neck

    C. thorax
  5. A ______ plane divides the body into unequal left and right parts

    a. parasagittal
    b. coronal
    c, horizontal
    d. median
    a. parasagittal
  6. the 3 subregions of the foot are

    A. tarsus, metatarus, digits
  7. in the anatomical position the thumb is _____ to the pinky

    D. Lateral
  8. Tissues are combinations of

    C. Cells
  9. __________ are microscopic building blocks with a positively charged core, a mucleus and are surrounded by negatively charged electron clouds.

    C. Atoms
  10. The most abundant biological molecules in the body -

    A. proteins
  11. water, oxygen and carbon dioxide are all examples of ______ molecules.

    A. inorganic
  12. ____ are fatty, oily, greasy compounds found in the body.

    A. Lipids
  13. The _____ acts as a selective gatekeeper facilitating the movement of substances into and/or out of the cell.

    C. cell membrane
  14. the genetic bluepoints that direct cell replication are located in the

    D. nucleus
  15. mitochondria are responsible for

    D. production of chemical energy
  16. Which cellular structures are small, hair-like projections that move material across the surface of the cell?

    D. Cilia
  17. The passive movement of water molecules from an area of high concentraion to low concentraion

    B. osmosis
  18. glycolysis creates ____ molecules of ATP for every 1 molecule of glucose

    A. 2
  19. list the 4 basic tissues of the human body
    • epithelial
    • connective
    • nervous
    • muscle
  20. epithelial tissues are classified based on

    A. cell shape & number of cell layers
  21. simple squamous epithelium consists of

    A. a single layer of flat cells
  22. which type of epithelial tissue is best suited for diffusion?

    B. simple squamos epithelium
  23. connective and supporting tissues

    A. have few cells and lots of extracellular matrix
  24. the two basic elements/building blocks of connective and supporting tissues are cells and

    A. extracellular matrix
  25. which cell produces the fibers found in the extracellular matrix of connective tissue?

    C. fibrocyte/fibroblast
  26. which element of the extracellular matrix is responsible for tensile strength in connective tissue?

    A. collagen fibers
  27. which type of general connective tissue is strong enough in all directions?

    A. dense irregular connective tissue
  28. From deep to superficial list the layers of skin

    B. hypodermis, dermis, epidermis
  29. the epidermis and dermis combine to form the

    A. cutis
  30. the stratum corneum is responsible for

    B. protection
  31. the dermis is made of

    A. dense irregular connective tissue
  32. which is not a function of the dermal papilla

    D. production of watery sweat
  33. which layer of integument contains reticular fibers (collagen bundles) that are responsible for cleavage lines?

    C. dermis
  34. if the integument is cut and starts to bleed then the cut is at least as deep as the

    A. dermis
  35. padding and insulation are functions of which layer of the integument?

    D. tela subcutanea/ hypodermis
  36. the hair follicle is an invagination of which layer of the integument?

    B. epidermis
  37. the arrector pilli muscles perform what?

    B. raise/starighten the hair follicle
  38. which gland of the integuement produces an oily secretion used to lubricate, moisturize, and aterproof the skin?

    A. sebaceous gland
  39. which cell of the epidrmis produces a protective pigment?

    D. melanocyte
  40. which is not a type of cartilage?

    C. spongy cartilage
  41. which type of cartilage is smooth like glass?

    A. hyaline cartilage
  42. why does cartilage have a difficult time healing?

    A. it is avascular (no blood vessels)
  43. why is cartilage considered a connective tissue?

    B. it has few cells & lots of extracellular matrix
  44. what is responsible for the tensile strength of bone?

    B. collagen
  45. the osteoblasts are responsible for

    C. laying down new bone
  46. where is the red bone marrow located?

    B. within the spongy bone
  47. the mobile joints of the body are called

    A. diarthroses (synovial)
  48. which type of joint is the most common in the body?

    B. diarthroses (synovial)
  49. which joint is found between the plate like bones of the skull?

    D. suture
  50. what type of joint is located between the 2 pubic bones of the pelvis?

    C. symphysis
  51. the fibrous membrane (capsular ligament) of a synovial joint is a continuation of the

    A. periosteum
  52. what type of cartilage is articular cartilage?

    C. hyaline cartilage
  53. the role of a bursa is to..

    A. reduce friction between neighboring tissues
Card Set
Anatomy & Physiology of Cells and Tissue*