Chem1A--organic compounds

  1. Hydrocarbons containing only single bonds
    alkanes
  2. Hydrocarbons containing double bonds
    alkenes
  3. Hydrocarbons containing triple bonds
    alkynes
  4. Prefix indicating 1 C
    "Meth-"
  5. Prefix indicating 2 C's
    "Eth-"
  6. Prefix indicating 3 C's
    "Prop-"
  7. Prefix indicating 4 C's
    "But-"
  8. Prefix indicating 5 C's
    "Pent-"
  9. Prefix indicating 6 C's
    "Hex-"
  10. Prefix indicating 7 C's
    "Hept-"
  11. Prefix indicating 8 C's
    "Oct-"
  12. Prefix indicating 9 C's
    "Non-"
  13. Prefix indicating 10 C's
    "Dec-"
  14. Molecular formula for Methane
    CH4
  15. Molecular formula for Propane
    C3H8
  16. Molecular formula for n-Butane
    C4H10
  17. Molecular formula for n-Pentane
    C5H12
  18. Molecular formula for Ethene
    C2H4

    (Double bonded C's)
  19. Molecular formula for Ethyne
    C2H2

    • (Triple bonded C's)
  20. Name the family and general formula for compounds with the -ol suffix
    Alcohols

    R-OH
  21. Name this example:

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    Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol)

    (Alcohol in fermented beverages)
  22. Name this example:

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    Diethyl ether

    (CH3H2C - O - CH2CH3)

    (laboratory solvant)
  23. Name the family and the general formula for compounds with the "ether" suffix
    Ethers

    R - O - R'
  24. Name the family and the general formula for compounds with the "-al" suffix
    Aldahyde

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  25. Name this example:

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    Ethanal (acetaldehyde)

    (perfumes; flavors)
  26. Name the family and the general formula for compounds with the "-one" suffix
    Keytone

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  27. Name this example:

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    Propanone (acetone)

    (finger polish remover)
  28. Name the family and general formula for compounds with the "acid" suffix
    Carboxylic acid

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  29. Name this example:

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    acetic acid

    (vinegar)
  30. Name the family and general formula for the compound with the "-ate" suffix
    Esters

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  31. Name this example:

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    Methyl acetate

    (Laboratory solvent)
  32. Name the family and general formula for the compound with the "amine" suffix
    Amines

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  33. Name this example:

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    Ethylamine

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    • (smell of rotten fish)
Author
dragonsurfer0
ID
130426
Card Set
Chem1A--organic compounds
Description
organic compounds
Updated