Chapter 2

  1. The process of selectively attending to sensory information and assigning meaning to it.
  2. 1. attend to and select stimuli
    2. organize stimuli
    3. simplify complex
    Process of perception
  3. things we consciously or unconsciously feel we require tosustain us biologically and psychologically
  4. Things that prompt out curiosity but are not essentialtosustain us biologically and psychologically
  5. things that we notice because we are habituated to noticing them
  6. The organization of stimuli into easily recognizable forms
  7. The organization of stimuli into easily recognizable patterns or systems of interrelated parts.
    Pattern recognition
  8. The overall view people have of themselves, of which self concept and self esteem are parts.
  9. Our description of our competencies and personality traits
  10. Our evaluation of our competence and personal worthiness
  11. The impressions we form about ourselves based upon our own perceptions, shape self-concept
  12. The gap between out inaccurate self-perceptions and reality
  13. Events that happen as a result of being fortold, expected, or talked about
    Self-fulfilling prophecies
  14. Perceptional distortions of message we recieve so that they reinforce what we really think
    filtering messages
  15. Like the U.S., stress self and personal achievement
    Individualistic Culture
  16. Like Eastern and Native American, downplay the individual
    Collectivist Cultures
  17. Communicating with yourself through your own thoughts
  18. The process of meeting the percieved demans of the communication situation by adopting a role comprised of an expected or appropriate set of behaviors
  19. Internal process of being aware of yourself
  20. Process by which people consciously try to influence others impressions of them
    Impression management
  21. Based upon what we see, are frequently inaccurate
    Culture-level predictions
  22. based upon others membership groups, allow us to discover common ground
    Sociological-level predictions
  23. based upon individual differences, are the most accurate level of predictions
    Psychological-level predictions
  24. Assumptions that people develop about physical characterisitics and personality traits or behaviors

    Ex. if someone is kind we assume they are friendly
    Implicit personalty theory
  25. Assumes a whole set of characterisitics when you have actually only observed one
    Halo effect
  26. the tendency to pay attention only what we expect to see or hear and to ignore everything else
    Selective perception
  27. inaccurate reason we give for our own and others behaviors
    Faulty Attributions
  28. Relate the behavior to the situation

    Ex. When judging our own behavior, we tendto make it....
    Situational attributions
  29. Relate behavior to the person

    Ex. When judging the behavior of someone else we tend to make...
    Dispositional Attributions
  30. Inaccurate attempt to make several of our perceptions of another person agree with each other.
  31. Negative actions toward people based on the groups they are members of
  32. Occur when a powerful group believes its members are superior to those of another group and thus entitles to dominate the "inferior" group
    Racism, ethnocentrism, sexism, ageism, able-ism
Card Set
Chapter 2
Forming and Using Social Perceptions