1. Which system is responsible for the procreation of other organisms?
    The Reproductive System.
  2. Which system is responsible for the break down of food into simpler chemical compounds?
    The Digestive System.
  3. Which system is responsible for the intake of oxygen and exhalation of carbon dioxide?
    The Respiratory System.
  4. Which system is composed of ductless glands, regulates and controls growth, reproduction, and health of the body?
    The Endocrine System.
  5. Which system eliminates solid, liquid, and gaseous waste products from the body?
    The Excretory System.
  6. What are the components of the digestive system?
    • Salivary Glands
    • Pharynx
    • Esophagus
    • Stomach
    • Small Intestine
    • Large Intestine
  7. When does digestion begin?
    As soon as food is ingested.
  8. What acid and enzymes are in the stomach and break down food?
    hydrochloric acids & pepsin enzymes.
  9. What are the projections in the small intestine wall that absorb nutrients?
  10. According to the textbook, what two things can help promote good digestion?
    Happiness & Relaxation
  11. Which organ of the excretory system converts and neutralizes ammonia from the circulatory system?
  12. What is the ammonia converted into?
  13. Which organ of the excretory system stores urea received from the liver?
  14. This structure of the kidneys filter out waste products and water.
  15. This organ of the excretory system releases water, carbon dioxide and other waste products through the sweat glands.
  16. Why is breaking air through the nose healthier than breathing through the mouth?
    • The mucous membranes in the nose filter out dust and dirt.
    • The nose warms air as it travels through the nasal passages.
  17. What are the primary organs of the respiratory system and what is the function of each organ?
    • Lungs: process oxygen for absorption into the blood, releases carbon dioxide as exhaled.
    • Diaphragm: expands and contracts forcing air in and out of lungs.
  18. What two types of glands are part of the integumentary system?
    Sebaceous & Sudoriferous.
  19. What makes up the integumentary system?
    Skin and it's layers.
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