1. spinal and cranial cavities are in the
    the dorsal cavity
  2. physical and chemical changes occurring in an organism
  3. the upper midportion of the abdomen is called
    epigastric region
  4. anatomist;physiologist
    observing body parts; studying functions of the body parts
  5. levels of complexity
    organelles, cells, tissues, organs, systems
  6. organs located in the abdominopelvic cavity
  7. Ultrasonography is most useful for examining
    medium density organs, such as the heart
  8. the axial portion of the body includes
    the dorsal cavity and the ventral cavity
  9. the membrane on the surface of a lung is called
    visceral pleura
  10. what organ system is responsible for the production of blood cells
    the skeletal system
  11. how is oxygen used by living organisms
    to release energy that is stored in food
  12. section that separates the body into right and left portions
    sagittal section
  13. homeostasis is defined as the
    tendency of the body to maintain a stable environment
  14. parietal membrane; visceral membrane
    lines cavities; covers organs
  15. nervous and endocrine systems
    responsible for integration and coordination
  16. muscular system
    body movements, maintenance of posture and production of body heat
  17. carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
    substances comprise over 95% of the human body
  18. the atoms of the isotopes of a particular element very in the number of
  19. a decomposition reaction can be symbolized by
    ab = a+b
  20. a solution that contains equal numbers of hydrogen and hydroxyl ions would be
  21. electrolytes are substances that
    ionize when dissolved in water
  22. the pH scale measures the
    concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
  23. electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water are called
  24. a person has alkalosis if the blood pH
    rises above 7.4
  25. covalent bond
    atoms sharing pairs of electrons
  26. a protein can become denatured when
    peptide bonds are broken
  27. an enzyme is defined as a
    protein that speeds up chemical reactions without being changed or depleted
  28. a general function of nucleic acids is that
    DNA stores genetic information
  29. ion
    an atom that has gained or lost electrons
  30. when and acid reacts with a base
    a salt is produced
  31. endoplasmic reticulum
    network of interconnected membranes
  32. vesicles are formed by and action of the
    cell membrane
  33. the movement of molecules through a membrane by filtration depends upon the presence of
    hydrostatic pressure
  34. the two major components of the cell membrane are
    lipids and proteins
  35. receptor-mediated endocytosis
    molecules bind to receptor sites and are enclosed in vesicles
  36. lysosome
    a tiny, membranous sac that contains powerful enzymes responsible for the destruction of worn cell parts and foreign material
  37. the nucleolus of the cell contains
    RNA and protein
  38. DNA molecules are found in the nucleus
    combined with protein to form fibers of chromatin
  39. active transport
    transport process that does not require the expenditure of cellular energy
  40. interphase
    phase of mitosis where chromosomes duplicate
  41. hypertonic
    cells lose water
  42. the structure of the nucleus
    enclosed in a nuclear envelope
  43. the function of the nucleus
    direct the activities of the cell
  44. pinocytosis; phagocytosis
    cell membrane engulfing liquid droplets; a cell membrane engulfing solid particle
  45. A glucose molecule is changed into two pyruvic acid molecules
  46. ketone bodies are produced as a by-product of
    Fat metabolism
  47. acidosis
    when ketones are present in excess
  48. Urea results from the metabolism of
    amino acids
  49. phenylketonuria results from
    an inability to metabolize an amino acid
  50. catabolic metabolism
    decomposition processes in which large substances are broken into smaller ones
  51. a cofactor;examples
    a necessary part of some enzymes; copper, iron, and zinc
  52. beta oxidation in lipid pathways
    activating fatty acids and breaking them down into 2 carbon segments
  53. thymine
    occurs in DNA molecules, but not in RNA
  54. Uracil
    occurs in RNA but not DNA
  55. Transcription
    the process of copying DNA info into the structure of an mRNA molecule
  56. dehydration synthesis of a carbohydrate
    monosaccharides become joined together
  57. acetyl coenzyme A
    a molecul that is common to carbohydrate and lipid metabolic pathways and serves to connect these two pathways metabolically
  58. ADT
    act to capture energy from the oxidation of fuels to be used in other cell processes
  59. Adipose tissue is a specialized form
    loose connective tissue
  60. serous
    membranes lining body cavities that lack openings to the outside
  61. synovial membranes function
    secrete synovial fluid that lubricates the ends of bones at joints
  62. basement membrane occurs between
    epithelial and connective tissue
  63. simple squamous epithelium
    tissue through which gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs
  64. fibrous connective tissue
    tendons and ligaments are composed of
  65. osteonic canals
    concentric circles around longitudinal tubes
  66. fibroblasts
    produces connective tissue fibers
  67. function of neuroglial cells in nervous tissue
    support and bind nervous tissue together, and they provide nutrients to neurons
  68. phagocytes
    destroyes bacteria within inflamed tissues
  69. macrophage
    the most common type of reticuloendothelial
Card Set
API_part 1