Scientific View of the World

  1. Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) method
    inductive approach to knowledge: Observing, expirementing, confirming ideas
  2. Rene Descantes )(1596-1650)
    • Discourse on the Method. First rules: "never to receive anything as a truth which he did not clearly know to be such.
    • Deductive reasoning: proceeding logically from one certainty to another.
  3. Royal Society
    a group of natural philosophers and mathematicians committed to experimentation and collaborative work
  4. Issac Newton (1642-1727)
    - Light is composed of different colors.

    - Invented integral calculus and differential calculus.

    - discover the law of gravity.
  5. Voltaire (1694-1778)
    Enlightenment. Philosophical letters: oppose the classic culture as intolerance, ignorance.
  6. Montesquieu (1689-1755)
    Persian Letters

    The Spirit of Laws: 3 forms of government: republic, monarchies and depotism. The soul of a republic was virtue which allowed individual citizens to transcend their particular interests and rule in accordance with the common good. mornachy is honor which gave individuals an incentive to behave with loyalty toward their sovereign. Depotism is fear.
  7. Diderot
  8. Cesare Beccaria
    Crime and Punishment
  9. Adam Smith
    The Wealth of Nations
  10. James Cook
    explorer. Charted the coast of New Zealand, add New Hebrides and Hawaii to European map
Card Set
Scientific View of the World
Scientific View of the World