Human Sexuality Test 4

  1. Gender Identity
    how you see yourself as male or female
  2. Transexualism
    • aka transgendered
    • Prevalence: below 50,000 in US
    • Sexual reassignment surgery- 20,000
  3. gender dysphoria
    beginning of a lot of sexual identity problems
  4. homosexual transsexuals
    very feminine, gay male usually
  5. autogynephilic
    transexuals who are stimulated by the idea of their body being the opposite sex
  6. Effects of stereotypes
  7. Gender roles
    lead to interpreting behavior in a prejudice way
  8. Gender Typing
    process kids go through, that by which they learn how they should behave as Male or Female
  9. Biological Perspectives
    • genetics and prenatal influences (role of hormones)
    • evolutionary perspectives (hunters and gatherers)
    • prenatal brain organization (men's brain is larger, hormones and aggression)
  10. Psychological Perspectives
    Psychodynamic theory- Freud
  11. What age do children acquire gender-role sterotypes?
    ages 2.5-3.5
  12. Social learning theory
    treating other children differently, socializing them to be girly, how they behave…socialization
  13. Cognitive development theory
    forming a concept of what it means to be male or female...then trying to behave like that
  14. Gender Identity
    I'm a boy or a girl
  15. Gender stability
    ages 4-5; recognize proper behavior
  16. Gender Constancy
    • age 8
    • fuller conceptualization of what it means to be male or female
  17. Gender Schema Theory
    • it is important for kids to have that idea of what it means to be male or female because it helps them to understand what it means to be part of their world; what physical qualities are m/f, behaviors, personality traits, etc.
    • judge themselves on how they think they fit into that mold
    • affects self esteem
  18. psychological androgyny
    realizing that it is ok to be different...and not fall into the idea of strictly being girly or a manly man...??
  19. sexual orientation
    refers to preference for the sex one is attracted to
  20. Prevalence of sexual orientation
    • 90% will say they are heterosexual,
    • only 1.4% women identify themselves as homosexual
    • 2.8% men
  21. Bisexuality
    means a person who engages in sexual activity with both sexes, and recognizes a desire to do so
  22. types of bisexuality
    • real orientation
    • transitory
    • transitional
  23. real orientation
    • they have an attraction early and it continues through adulthood.
    • choice of partners may change, but continue to feel attracted to both
  24. transitory
    • doing bisexuality because of something happening in their life
    • ie. prison
  25. transitional
    • when people are changing from being heterosexual to homosexual and their in transition
    • living both lives
  26. Psychosocial theories on "What determines sexual orientation?"
    • By default theory
    • The seduction myth
    • Freud's theory
    • By choice
  27. by default
    somebody had a bad experience and it turned them off of opposite sex
  28. seduction myth
    there was an older person of same sex that seduced them when they were young and caused them to be homosexual; influential person
Card Set
Human Sexuality Test 4
Human Sexuality Test 4