EC Chapter 3

  1. What are some examples of surface culture?
    • food
    • dress
    • music
  2. What are some examples of deep culture?
    • courtesy, concepts of time
    • tone of voice, attitude toward elders
  3. What is the idea that people should not abandon their home culture but rather maintain their various ethnic languages, cultures, and institutions, while still participation in society as a whole?
    cultural pluralism
  4. What does CDF stand for and what does it do?
    • Child Defence Fund
    • advocacy agency that represents the needs of children and families
  5. What students are considered "historically underrepresented"?
    • African Americans
    • Hispanic
    • Asians/Pacific Islander
    • AMerican Indian/Alaska Native
  6. What are three groups of students that are thought of as diverse?
    • culturally diverse
    • linguistically diverse
    • culturally/linguistically diverse with disabilities
  7. What is one issue that causes culturally diverse students to be at risk for being identified as having a disability?
    misunderstandings of culturally accepted and expected behaviors and norms of conduct
  8. being from a cultural group that is not Euro-centric or of mainstream America
    culturally diverse
  9. having a home or native language other than English
    linguistically diverse
  10. students learning English as their second language
    • English language learners
    • limited English proficient
  11. what does ELL stand for?
    English language learner
  12. What does LEP stand for?
    Limited English proficient
  13. What do the major of ELLs in America speak?
  14. What percentage of students do not speak English at home?
  15. using two languages in the same conversation; a sign of developing duel language proficiency
    code switching
  16. words and pronunciation characteristic of a geographic region or ethinic group and different from those of standard language
  17. a learned and rele-governed dialect of nonstandard English, spoken by some African Americans
  18. knkowing and understanding the cultural standards from diverse communities
    cultually competent
  19. a curriculum that includes multiple perspectives
    culturally responsive
  20. mismatch that occurs when the home and school cultures are in conflict
    cross-cultural dissonance
  21. What may be one reason that Black males have such a high rate of EBD and ADHD?
    because behaviors acceptable at home and at school do not go together
  22. What are the 5 categories that the federal govenment uses to describe Americans along the dimensions of race and ethnicity
    • white
    • black
    • hispanic
    • asian/pacific islander
    • american indian/alaska native
  23. What percent of students are ELLs?
  24. What race is overrepresented in the special ed category?
    African American
  25. What race is underrepresented in the special education category?
    • hispanic
    • asians/pacific islanders
  26. What percent of low-income children have lead poisoning?
  27. What is one of the most significant preventions of disabilities in diverse children?
    • getting them health treatment
    • safe living environments
  28. What are the 3 barriers to diverse students' success?
    • little to no access of high-quality preschool experiences
    • attending inferior schools
    • disengagement, alienation, and dropping out of school
  29. How much more likely are students from low income families to drop out of school?
    6 times more likely
  30. assessment that takes into account cultural and linguistic diversity?
    nondiscriminatory testing
  31. multidimensional approach to intelligence inspired by Howard Gardner's theory; allowin gthose exceptional in any one of eight areas to be identified
    multiple intelligences
  32. what are two suggested ways of evaluating diverse students that are non-discriminatory?
    • multiple intelligences
    • curriculum based measurements
  33. What are some exceptions for diverse learners taking standardized tests?
    • ELLs who've been in the US for less than a year
    • ELLs with disabilities get accomadations
  34. What are 3 critical components to the education of diverse learners with disabilities?
    • steeped in the practices of multicultural education
    • includes intensive support for language development
    • incorporates current evidence-based practices
  35. instruction that incorporates sutdents' cultures, interests, and backgrounds into course content
    contextualized instruction
  36. level of English mastery adequate for general communications but not necessarily for academic learning?
    conversational English
  37. How long does it take a learner to aquire conversational English?
    within 2 to 3 years
  38. Level of English mastery required to access the general education curriculum and profit from instruction
    classroom instruction
  39. How long does it take a student to aquire classroom English?
    5 to 7 years
  40. teaching in and seeking mastery of student's native tongue and English
    bilingual education
  41. instructing students in English until English proficiency is achieved; does not provide support in the student's native or primary tongue
    English as a second language (ESL)
  42. restating concepts and instructions, explicitly teaching vocab, using visuals, and concete examples, and relating new language skills to students' experiences to provide langauge support to ELLs
    sheltered English
  43. What is one way that school are trying to help students master English?
    bilingual education and ESL
  44. What is one calidated method that helps students master the elements of the English language that are necessary for success when learning specific academic content?
    sheltered English
  45. What must ELLs with disabilities have educationally?
    • full English competence development
    • strategies that address their specific ability
  46. What are two strategies that work well for teachers who do not speak the languages spoken by their students?
    • cooperative learning
    • peer tutoring
  47. small groups of studetns working together to learn the same material
    cooperative learning
  48. classmates helping each other in pairs
    peer tutoring
  49. a tactic wherin teachers and students switch roles readin gstories and asking questions, forcusing on predicting, summarizing, questioning, and clarifying reading passages
    reciprocal teaching
  50. unequal availability of technology as a consequence of differences in socioeconomic status
    digital divide
  51. computers that provide translations of written text from one language to another
    computerized language translators
  52. assistants who help students learn the English required to profit from classroom instruction
    bilingual paraprofessionals
Card Set
EC Chapter 3
Information for Chapter 3 of exceptional children