Vocabulary 21

  1. afterpains
    cramping pain after childbirth, caused by alternating relaxation and contraction of uterine muscles.
  2. atony
    absence or lack of usual muscle tone.
  3. attachment
    development of strong affectional ties as a result of interaction between an infant and a significant other.
  4. bonding
    development of a strong emotional tie of a parent to a newborn. Also called claiming or binding in.
  5. catabolism
    a process that converts living cells into simplier compounds. Involved in involution (normal changes) of the uterus after childbirth.
  6. decidua
    the endometrium during pregnancy. All except the deepest layer is shed after childbirth.
  7. diastasis recti
    separation of the longitudinal muscles of the abdomen (rectus abdominis) during pregnancy.
  8. en face
    position that allows eye-to-eye contact between the newborn and a parent.
  9. engorgement
    swelling of the breasts resulting from increased blood flow, edema, and the presence of milk.
  10. engrossment
    intense fascination and close face-to-face observation between father and newborn.
  11. entrainment
    newborn movement in rhythm with adult speech, particularly high-pitched tones, which are more easily heard.
  12. episiotomy
    surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening.
  13. fingertipping
    first tactile (touch) experience between mother and newborn. The mother explores the infant's body with her fingertips only.
  14. fourth trimester
    first 12 weeks after birth, a time of transition for parents and siblings.
  15. fundus
    part of the uterus that is farthest from the cervix, above the openings of the fallopian tubes.
  16. involution
    retrogressive changes that return the reproductive organs, particularly the uterus, to their nonpregnant size and condition.
  17. kegel exercises
    alternate contracting and relaxing of the pelvic floor muscles to strengthen them.
  18. lactation
    secretion of milk from the breasts. Also describes the period of time of breastfeeding.
  19. letting-go
    a phase of maternal adaptation that involves relinquishing previous roles and assuming a new role as a parent.
  20. lochia alba
    white, cream-colored, or light yellow vaginal discharge that follows lochia serosa.
  21. lochia rubra
    red vaginal discharge that occurs STAT after childbirth; composed mostly of blood.
  22. lochia serosa
    pink or brown-tinged vaginal discharge that follows lochia rubra; composed largely of serous exudate, blood, and leukocytes.
  23. milk-ejection reflex
    release of milk from the alveoli into the ducts. Also called the letdown reflex.
  24. oxytocin
    posterior pituitary hormone that stimulates uterine contractions and the milk-ejection reflex. Also prepared synthetically.
  25. postpartum blues
    temporary, self-limited period of weepiness experienced by many new mothers beginning in the 1st week after childbirth.
  26. prolactin
    anterior pituitary hormone that promotes growth of breast tissue and stimulates production of milk.
  27. puerperium
    period from the end of childbirth until involution of the reproductive organs is complete, approximately 6 weeks.
  28. reciprocal bonding behaviors
    repertoire of infant behaviors that promotes attachment between parent and newborn.
  29. REEDA
    acronym for redness, ecchymosis, edema, discharge, and approximation. Useful for assessing wound healing or the presence of inflammation or infection.
  30. sibling rivalry
    feelings of jealousy and fear of replacement when a young child must share parental attention with a newborn infant.
  31. subinvolution
    delayed return of the uterus to its nonpregnant size and consistency.
  32. taking-hold
    second phase of maternal adaptation, during which the mother assumes control of her own care and initiates care of the infant.
  33. taking-in
    first phase of maternal adaptation, during which the mother passively accepts care and comfort and details about the newborn.
Card Set
Vocabulary 21
Postpartum Adaptations