BIO 211 Ch 16 (Endocrine) Hormones

  1. Anterior Pituitary
    Name important hormone(s)
    • Growth Hormone
    • Thyroid-stimulating hormone
    • Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
    • Follicle stimulating hormone
    • Luteinizing hormone
    • Prolactin
  2. Posterior Pituitary
    Name important hormone(s)
    • Oxytocin
    • Antidiuretic hormone
  3. Thyroid Gland (Follicular Cells)
    Name important hormone(s)
    Tetraiodothyronine / Triiodothyronine
  4. Thyroid Gland (Parafollicular cells)
    Name important hormone(s)
  5. Parathyroid Gland
    Name important hormone(s)
    Parathyroid hormone
  6. Pineal Gland
    Name important hormone(s)
  7. Zona Glomerulosa
    Name a class of hormones.
    Name important hormone(s)
    • Mineralcorticoids
    • (aldosterone)
  8. Zona Fasiculata
    Name class of hormones.
  9. Adrenal Medulla
    Name important hormone(s)
    • Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
    • which are Catecholamines
  10. Pancreas (Islets of Langerhans)
    Name important hormone(s)
    Insulin & Glucagon
  11. Ovary
    Name important hormone(s)
    Estrogen and Progesterone
  12. Testes
    Name important hormone(s)
  13. Thymus
    Name important hormone(s)
    • Thymopoietin
    • Thymosin
    • Thymic Factor
  14. Placenta
    Name important hormone(s)
    • Estrogen
    • Progesterone
  15. Action(s) of growth hormone.
    Stimulates production of insulin-like growth factor; Causes growth of many tissues; Production of glucose
  16. Action(s) of Thyroid-stimulating hormone.
    Stimulates thyroid gland to release thyroid hormones.
  17. Action(s) of Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone
    Stimulates adrenal gland to release glucocorticoids and androgens.
  18. Action(s) of Follicle Stimulating Hormone
    Promotes sperm production in males and oocyte maturation in females; Stimulates hormone production.
  19. Action(s) of Luteinizing Hormone
    Triggers ovulation in females; Causes hormone production in males and females.
  20. Action(s) of Prolactin
    Promotes milk production (lactation)
  21. Action(s) of Oxytocin.
    Stimulates smooth muscle contraction in breast (milk ejection) and uterus (delivery).
  22. Action(s) of Antidiuretic Hormone
    Promotes water retention in the body; increases blood pressure.
  23. Action(s) of Tetraiodothyronine/Triiodothyronine
    Regulates basal metabolic rate, temperature, cell and tissue metabolism.
  24. Action(s) of Calcitonin.
    Lowers blood calcium levels (particularly active in children)
  25. Action(s) of Parathyroid Hormone
    Increases blood calcium levels.
  26. Action(s) of Melatonin.
    Regulation of dark/light cycles.
  27. Action(s) of Mineralcorticoids (aldosterone)
    Increase blood volume and blood pressure.
  28. Action(s) of Glucorticoids.
    Promote formation of glucose, elevate blood glucose levels; Anti-inflammatory.
  29. Action(s) of Catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine).
    Mimic sympathetic nervous system - increase heart rate, breathing rate . . .
  30. Action(s) of Insulin.
    Lower blood glucose levels.
  31. Action(s) of Glucagon.
    Increase blood glucose levels (breakdown of glycogen to glucose; synthesis of glucose).
  32. Action(s) of Estrogen and Progesterone
    Promote female sex characteristics; preparation of uterus for implantation.
  33. Action(s) of Testosterone.
    Development of the male sex characteristics.
  34. Action(s) of Thymopoietin, Thymosin and Thymic Factor.
    Regulate development of T lymphocytes.
  35. Action(s) of Estrogen and Progesterone
    Maintenance of the endometrium of the uterus during pregnancy.
Card Set
BIO 211 Ch 16 (Endocrine) Hormones
BIO 211 Ch 16 (Endocrine) Hormones