rowan sociology quiz ch 8-9

  1. Define Borderlands
    The area of common culture along the border between Mexico and the US
  2. Define Colonialism
    The maintenace of political, social, economic, and cultural dominance over a people of foreign power for an extended period
  3. Define Dependence Theory
    An approach that contends that industrialized nations continue to exploit developing countries for their own gain
  4. Define Globalization
    The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas
  5. Define Gross national Product
    The value of a nations goods and services
  6. Define Human Rights
    Universal moral rights possessed by all people because they are human
  7. Define Modernization
    The far-reaching process by which periphery nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies
  8. Define Modernization Theory
    A functionalist approach that proposes that modernization and development will gradually improve the lives of people in developing nations
  9. Define Neocolonialism
    Continuing dependence of former colonies on foreign countries
  10. Define remittances
    The monies that immigrants return to their families of origin (migradollars)
  11. Define World systems analysis
    The view of the global economic system as one divided between certain industrialized nations that control wealth and developing countries that are controlled and exploited
  12. Affirmative Action
    Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities
  13. Amalgamation
    The process through which a majority group and a minority group combine to form a new group
  14. Anti-Semitism
    Anti-Jewish prejudice
  15. Apartheid
    A former policy of the South African government, designed to maintain the seperation of blacks and other non-whites from the dominant whites
  16. Assimilation
    The process through which a person forskea his or her own cultural tradition to become part of a different culture
  17. Black Power
    A political philosophy, promoted by many younger blacks in the 1960's, that supported the creation of black-controlled political and economic institutions
  18. Color blind racism
    The use of the principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo
  19. Contact Hypothesis
    An interactoinist perspectivewhich states that in cooperative circumstances, interacial contact between people of equal status will reduce prejudice
  20. Discrimination
    The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or other arbitrary reasons
  21. Ethnic Group
    A group that is set apart from others primarily because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns
  22. Ethnocentrism
    The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm, or are superior to others
  23. Exploitation Theory
    A Marxist theory that views racial subordination in the US as a manifestation of the class system inherent in capitalism
  24. Genocide
    The deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation
  25. Glass Ceiling
    An invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified induvidual in a work enviorment because of the induviduals gender, race, or ethnicity.
  26. Hate Crime
    A criminal offense committed because of hte offenders bias against a race, religion, ethnic group, national origen, or sexual orientation
  27. Institutional Discrimination
    The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups that results from the normal operations of a society
  28. Minority Group
    A subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than the members of a dominant or majority group have over theirs
  29. Model or ideal minority
    A subordinate group whose members supposedly have succeeded economically, socially, and educationally despite past prejudice and discrimination, and without resorting to the confrontations with whites
  30. Pluralism
    Mutual respect for one another's cultures among the various groups in a society, which allows minorities to express their own culture without expiriencing prejudice
  31. Prejudice
    A negative attitude toward an entire category of people, often an ethnic or racial minority
  32. Racial Formation
    A sociohistorical process in which racial categories are created, inhibited, tranformed, and destroyed
  33. Racial Group
    A group that is set apartfrom others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance
  34. Racial Profiling
    Any arbitrary action initiated by an authority based on race, ethnicity, or national origin rather than on a persons behavior
  35. Racism
    The belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior
  36. Segregation
    The physical seperation of two groups of people in terms of residence, workplace, and social events often imposed on a minority group by a dominant group
  37. Stereotype
    An unreliable generalization about all members of a group that does not recognize individual differences within this group
  38. Symbolic Ethnicity
    An ethnic identity that emphasizes concerns such as ethnic food or political issues rather than deeper ties to ones ethnic heritage
  39. Transnational
    An immigrant who sustains multiple social relationships that link his or her society of origin with the society of settlement
  40. Expressiveness
    Concern for the maintenance of harmony and the internal emotional affairs of the family
  41. Feminism
    The belief in social, economic, and political equality for women
  42. Gender Role
    Expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females
  43. Homophobia
    Fear and prejudice against homosexuality
  44. Institutional Discrimination
    The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups that results from the normal operations of a society
  45. Instrumentality
    An emphasis on tasks, a focus on more distant goals and a concern for the external relationship between ones family and other social institutions
  46. Matrix of domination
    The cumulative impact of oppression because of race, gender, and class as well as religion, sexual orientation, disability, and age
  47. Multiple Masculinities
    A variety of male gender roles, including nuturing-caring and effeminate-gay roles, that men play along with their more pervasive traditional role of dominating women
  48. Second Shift
    The double burden- work outside the home followed by child care and housework- that many women face and few men share equitably
  49. Sexism
    The ideology that one sex is superior to another
  50. Race is a_______.
    social Construct
Card Set
rowan sociology quiz ch 8-9
Rowan Sociolgy Quiz